The practice of traditional and complementary medicine and factors associated with it among the medical staff in Malaysia
© Abuduli et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 29 January 2014
Traditional and Complementary Medicine (T&CM) is garnering increasing interest and acceptance among the general population. Different types of T&CM treatments were increasingly applied and practised by the public but ignorance about T&CM poses a communication gap between public health and the healthcare profession. The aim of this study was to determine the practice of T&CM and factors associated with it among medical staff in five selected hospitals in Malaysia.
Materials and methods
This study employed a cross-sectional design, which was carried out using quantitative and qualitative methods.
A total of 46.3% of the medical staff had ever used T&CM in their life and 32.5% of them used T&CM in the last one year, while 48.6% of the medical staff had ever referred T&CM to their patients or families in their life, and 25.2% of them referred T&CM in the last one year. Knowledge regarding T&CM was poor but positive perception regarding education in T&CM was high. Knowledge regarding T&CM was significantly higher in Hospital Duchess of Kent (52%, p = 0.001), among non-Malays (44%, p = 0.047), and pharmacists (47.2%, p = 0.03). Positive perception regarding education in T&CM among medical staff was higher among females (88.1%, p = 0.002) and pharmacists (93.7%, p < 0.001). There was no significant association between practice of T&CM and perception of education in T&CM.
Many medical staff had not been exposed to T&CM education, however most of them had positive perception about health education/training in T&CM. The provision of information on T&CM practice and its associated factors among medical staff may help to integrate T&CM into the mainstream medicine.
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