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Table 4 Association of knowledge on causes of diarrhea with wealth index, water, hygiene and sanitation (Those with comprehensive knowledge)

From: Prevalence, one week incidence and knowledge on causes of diarrhea: household survey of under-fives and adults in Mkuranga district, Tanzania

Wealth index Number (proportion expressed in %) Odd ratio (95% CI)
1st poorest quintile 117 (58.8)** 1
2nd poor quintile 56 (44.8) 0.56 (0.36 – 0.89)
3rd poor quintile 54 (41.4) 0.49 (0.31 – 0.78)
4th least poor quintile 58 (42.6) 0.52 (0.33 – 0.81)
Reported hand-washing practice   
Poor practice 62 (22.7) 1
Good practice 223 (70.3)*** 8.56 (5.76 – 12.7)
Observed sanitation   
Unsatisfactory 44 (37.4) 1
Satisfactory 241 (51.1)* 1.32 (0.81 – 2.15)
Water, hygiene and sanitation education (WASH)   
No education 170 (41.7) 1
Some education 115 (63.5)*** 2.72 (1.78 – 4.15)
  1. Chi-square test; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001; ***p < 0.0001.