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Table 2 Prevention and cessation activities participation and associated factors (N = 602)*

From: Are physicians aware of their role in tobacco control? A conference-based survey in Portugal

Prevention/TC Yesn; % 95% CI Non; % 95% CI Total Ass factors OR; 95% CI p value aOR;95% CI p value MLR model
GPs 200; 56.7 51.5-61.9 153; 43.3 38.1-48.5 353 GT 6.0; 4.2-8.7 <0.001 5.0; 3.4-7.5 <0.001 72.4%; p < 0.001
Hs 45; 23.2 17.3-29.1 149; 76.8 70.9-82.7 194 GP 4.3; 2.9-6.4 <0.001 2.8; 1.8-4.3 <0.001  
SRGs 19; 34.5 21.9-47.1 36; 65.5 52.9-78.1 55 RM 1.7; 1.2-2.4 0.001 1.6; 1.1-2.4 0.014  
Total 264; 43.9 39.9-47.9 388; 56.1 52.1-60.1 602       
Cessation Yes n; % 95% CI No n; % 95%CI Total Ass factors OR; 95% CI p value aOR;95% CI p value MLR model
GPs 150; 42.5 37.3-47.7 203; 57.5 52.3-62.7 353 GT 4.3; 3.0-6.2 <0.001 4.1; 2.7-6.2 <0.001 73.1%; p < 0.001
Hs 27; 13.9 9.0-18.8 167; 86.1 81.7-91.3 194 GP 4.6; 2.9-7.3 <0.001 3.8; 2.3-6.3 <0.001  
SRG 19; 34.5 21.9-47.1 36; 65.5 52.9-78.1 55 ≤45 yrs 1.3; 0.9-1.8 0.180 2.2; 1.4-3.4 <0.001  
Total 196; 32.6 28.9-36.3 406; 67.4 63.7-71.1 602 RM 1.9; 1.3-2.6 <0.001 1.8; 1.2-2.6 0.007  
  1. Ass: associated; CI: confidence interval; GPs: General practitioners; GT/UGT: graduate/undergraduate TC training; Hs: Hospitalists; yrs: years; MLR: multiple logistic regression; OR: odds ratio; RM: attitudes to being role model as a non-smoker; SRG: medical students/recent graduates; TC: tobacco control; aOR: OR adjusted for gender, age (<45 ys/≥45 ys), specialty (GP/Hs), smoking behaviour (smoker/non-smoker), receipt of GT/UG (yes/no) and RM (most positive/others). *3 (0.5%) missing.