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Table 1 Distribution of demographic characteristics, mental health and social capital

From: How equal is the relationship between individual social capital and psychological distress? A gendered analysis using cross-sectional data from Ghent (Belgium)

  Total Men Women T/X2
Gender, No. (%)     
Women 530 (51.7)    
Men 494 (48.2)    
Age, M (sd) (N = 1021) 47 (18.3) 46.14 (17.91) 47.99 (18.72) t = -1.62
Having a partner, No. (%)     X2 = 3.74
Yes 779 (76) 389 (78.7) 390 (72.4)  
No 246 (24) 105 (21.3) 140 (26.4)  
Having financial difficulties, No. (%)     t = -33.80***
Very hard to get by 18 (18) 11 (2.2) 7 (1.3)  
Hard to get by 112 (11.1) 35 (7.2) 77 (14.8)  
Hard nor easy to get by 289 (28.6) 123 (25.2) 166 (31.9)  
Easy to get by 419 (41.4) 211 (43.1) 207 (39.7)  
Very easy to get by 173 (17.1) 108 (22.3) 64 (12.3)  
Monthly income per capita, M (sd) (N = 930) 1568.08 (748,37) 1635.18 (760.65) 1506.24 (732.75) t = -2.63**
Resilience, M (sd) (N = 1022) 7.85 (1.58) 7.97 (1.55) 7.75 (1.61) t = 2.19**
Generalized trust, M (sd) (N = 1024) 9.86 (2.34) 9.90 (2.40) 9.82 (2.29) t = 0.50
Social support, M (sd) (N = 1025) 32.23 (13.2) 33.94 (13.30) 30.64 (12.94) t = 4.03***
Social influence, M (sd) (N = 1025) 9.99 (5.56) 10.34 (5.61) 9.66 (5.51) t = 1.99**
Social engagement, M (sd) (N = 1024) 20.07 (6.42) 20 (6.52) 20.11 (6.33) t = -0.236
Volume of social capital, M (sd) (N = 1017) 9.32 (4.63) 10 (4.78) 8.69 (4.41) t = 4.50***
Mean occupational prestige in network, M (sd) (N = 1006) 47.74 (9.54) 47.54 (9.67) 47.94 (9.44) t = -0.68
Psychological distress, M (sd) (N = 1021) 74.16 (15.24) 76.30 (14.47) 72.13 (15.67) t = 4.40***
  1. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001.