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Table 3 Univariate associations of sample characteristics by diabetes

From: Diabetes in US women on the rise independent of increasing BMI and other risk factors; a trend investigation of serial cross-sections

Variable Diagnosis of diabetesa No diagnosis of diabetes  
  130, 532 (11.2) 1, 037, 886 (88.8) pvalue*
BMI b    
  BMI = 25 21, 843 (16.7) 466, 459 (44.9) <0.0001
  BMI > 25 108, 689 (83.3) 571, 427(55.1)  
Age, years    
  18 to 24 432 (0.3) 36,326 (3.5) <0.0001
  25 to 34 2, 589 (2.0) 110,632 (10.7)  
  35 to 44 7, 519 (5.8) 162,467 (15.7)  
  45 to 54 19, 493 (14.9) 213,389 (20.6)  
  55 to 64 35, 269 (27.0) 211,588 (20.4)  
  65 or older 65, 230 (50.0) 303,484 (29.2)  
Exercise c    
  Yes 72, 466 (55.5) 768, 035 (74.0) <0.0001
  No 58, 066 (44.5) 269, 851 (26.0)  
Race    
  Non Hispanic White 91,180 (69.9) 830, 889 (80.1) <0.0001
  Non Hispanic Black 19, 805 (15.2) 83, 702 (8.1)  
  V Hispanic 11, 383 (8.7) 70, 088 (6.8)  
  Other (non-Hispanic ethnicities) 8, 164 (6.3) 53, 207 (5.1)  
Year    
  2006 19, 250 (14.7) 178, 388 (17.2)  
  2007 26, 287 (20.1) 217, 214 (20.9)  
  2008 25, 760 (19.7) 207, 873(20.0)  
  2009 28, 292 (21.7) 213, 836 (20.6)  
  2010 30, 943 (23.7) 220, 575 (21.3) <0.0001
  1. *p values are based on Pearson chi-square test of association.
  2. aSelf-report of diabetes mellitus diagnosed by a doctor.
  3. bCalculations based on self-report height and weight measures.
  4. cPhysical activity other than their regular job in the past 30 days.