Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline and post measures for dietary, physical activity, sedentary habits, knowledge and self-efficacy in intervention and control schools

From: Promoting healthy eating and physical activity among school children: findings from Health-E-PALS, the first pilot intervention from Lebanon

  Baseline measures Post- measures
  Intervention Control Intervention Control
(n = 193) (n = 181) (n = 193) (n = 181)
  % (n)   
Dietary habits     
Breakfast intake 71.4(137) 63.0(114) 76.5 (143) 48.0 (84)
Number of snacks per day (3 or more) 44.1(85) 42.9(76) 22.1 (41) 31.9 (56)
Eating in front of TV 18.1(35) 14.4(26) 9.6 (18) 16.0 (28)
Eating out (3 or more times/week) 15.8(30) 17.7(32) 13.9 (26) 19.5 (34)
Snacks consumption between meals     
Chips 39.9(77) 41.4(75) 11.7 (22) 40.0 (70)
Chocolate 49.0(94) 51.9(94) 27.7 (52) 36.4 (64)
Soft drinks† 25.9(50) 39.8(72) 8.5 (16) 26.3 (46)
Sweetened drinks‡ 64.2(124) 48.6(88) 43.6 (82) 52.8 (93)
Fruit 74.6(144) 62.4(113) 70.2 (132) 55.7 (98)
Sandwich 39.9(77) 40.3(73) 39.9 (75) 41.5 (73)
Snacks bought from School shop     
Chips 24.6(47) 29.8(54) 8.0 (15) 29.5 (52)
Chocolate 39.8(76) 48.1(87) 19.1 (36) 42.0 (74)
Soft drinks† 18.3(35) 24.3(44) 3.7 (7) 19.9 (35)
Sweetened drinks‡ 50.8(97) 49.2(89) 35.6 (67) 52.8 (93)
Manoushe^ 44.0(84) 52.5(95) 36.2 (68) 41.5 (73)
Croissant 34.6(66) 21.0(38) 18.6 (35) 21.6 (38)
Physical Activity habit     
Playing at recess 83.4 (161) 80.7 (146) 88.3 (166) 82.9 (145)
After school Physical activity/ week (at least once/week) 85.5 (164) 89.0 (161) 93.0 (176) 88.6 (154)
Playing at home afterschool 31.6 (61) 30.4 (55) 47.8 (89) 41.7 (73)
Screen time habit     
TV viewing during school days 31.2 (60) 29.3 (51) 30.1 (53) 32.2 (55)
TV viewing during week end 55.9 (108) 68.3 (123) 53.2 (100) 59.7 (104)
Electronic games during schooldays 59.0 (114) 59.6 (108) 61.1 (110) 56.0 (94)
Electronic games during weekend 48.4 (114) 50.0 (90) 49.2 (92) 49.5 (86)
Knowledge and self-efficacy
Determinant Mean ± SD at Baseline Mean ± SD Post Intervention
  Intervention group (n = 193) Control group (n = 181) Intervention group (n = 193) Control group (n = 181)
Knowledge score 8.7 ± 3.0 8.9 ± 2.7 11.5 ± 3.0 8.5 ± 2.8
Self-Efficacy score 14.3 ± 2.7 13.8 ± 2.8 16.0 ± 2.6 13.7 ± 3.3
  1. Values derived from Chi Square & independent t-test. † Include carbonated beverages‡Include artificial juices and drinks^Lebanese pastry.