Skip to main content

Table 1 Agreement between child and parent report on parental practices regarding five different energy-balance related behaviours

From: Agreement between parent and child report on parental practices regarding dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviours: the ENERGY cross-sectional survey

  Belgium Greece Hungary Netherlands Norway Slovenia Spain Switzerland Total Total (3-point scale)
  κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %* Diff § κ %*
Parental practices                                       
Soft drink consumption                                       
“If I ask my parents for a fizzy drink of fruit squash, I get one”/“If my child asks for soft drinks, I will give it to him/her” 0.30 42.3 0.71 + 0.15 40.8 0.79 + 0.19 33.7 0.95 + 0.15 39.1 0.81 + 0.15 47.7 0.61   0.19 34.6 0.89   0.17 40.2 0.76   0.16 35.5 0.81 + 0.21 39.2 0.80 + 0.23 46.0
“I am allowed to take fizzy drinks or fruit squash whenever I want”/“My child is allowed to take soft drinks whenever (s)he wants” 0.36 35.5 0.94 + 0.18 35.0 0.91 + 0.20 27.9 1.22 + 0.17 25.6 1.18 + 0.18 36.4 0.88 + 0.22 28.4 1.15 + 0.18 33.4 0.92 + 0.18 27.0 1.13 + 0.24 31.7 1.03 + 0.26 49.6
“Are there usually fizzy drinks or fruit squash at your home?”/“There are soft drinks available at home for my child” 0.23 34.7 0.98 + 0.22 34.6 0.94 + 0.27 32.3 1.01 + 0.16 30.6 1.05 + 0.15 33.0 0.95   0.22 34.0 0.99 - 0.22 33.9 1.04   0.32 38.4 0.86 + 0.27 33.9 0.98 + 0.29 47.8
Fruit juice consumption                                       
“I am allowed to take fruit juices whenever I want”/“My child is allowed to take fruit juices whenever (s)he wants” 0.22 32.7 1.17 + 0.16 35.0 1.01   0.11 29.4 1.17 - 0.15 26.1 1.18 + 0.25 31.2 0.99 + 0.20 36.5 1.02   0.18 31.9 1.10   0.19 24.1 1.37 + 0.19 31.7 1.12 + 0.20 50.7
“Are there usually fruit juices in your home?”/“There are fruit juices available at home for my child” 0.27 39.2 0.82 - 0.20 43.9 0.81 - 0.20 34.9 0.95   0.20 37.8 0.91   0.43 44.6 0.67   0.21 34.6 0.95   0.25 43.5 0.82 - 0.33 37.9 0.86 + 0.28 39.7 0.85   0.29 60.5
Having breakfast                                       
“My parents encourage me to have breakfast”/“I encourage my child to have breakfast” 0.04 42.7 1.23 - 0.10 43.0 0.99 - 0.10 63.0 0.60 - 0.02 28.1 1.75 - 0.02 35.1 1.30 - 0.12 54.9 0.83 - 0.05 48.2 1.28 - 0.02 28.4 1.48 - 0.06 45.2 1.11 - 0.06 63.8
Are there usually breakfast products (e.g. milk, cereal, bread) at your home?“/”There are breakfast products (e.g. milk, cereal, bread) available at home for my child“ -0.01 71.1 0.34 - 0.15 74.0 0.33 - 0.09 73.0 0.34 - 0.03 69.2 0.36 - 0.03 71.4 0.32 - 0.02 59.6 0.54 - 0.01 80.6 0.22 + 0.07 66.1 0.39 - 0.06 70.9 0.36 - 0.05 90.7
”How often do you eat breakfast with your parents?“/”How often do you and/or your spouse/partner have breakfast together with your child?“ 0.42 45.3 0.86 + 0.24 34.2 1.06 + 0.28 37.2 0.93   0.30 44.6 0.82 - 0.31 40.9 0.85 - 0.27 41.7 0.90 + 0.28 38.2 1.09   0.41 47.1 0.81 - 0.35 40.3 0.94   0.35 50.0
Physical activity/sports                                       
”My parents encourage me to be physically active/do sports“/”I encourage my child to take part in physical activity/sports“ 0.08 44.0 0.92 - 0.16 41.8 0.74   0.17 58.6 0.57 + 0.05 34.1 1.11 - 0.11 44.7 0.82 - 0.13 57.3 0.64 + 0.10 46.2 0.81 - 0.06 34.5 1.08 - 0.12 46.8 0.80   0.09 69.3
”How often do you take part in physical activity/do sports with your parents?“/”How often do you and/or your spouse/partner participate in physical activity/sports together with your child (e.g. Play games outside, ride bikes, walk, play sports together)?“ 0.13 28.9 0.81   0.14 29.6 0.87 + 0.11 26.8 0.99 + 0.13 25.6 1.00 - 0.20 31.9 0.76 - 0.10 27.9 0.95   0.14 23.3 0.96 + 0.08 19.6 0.91 - 0.14 27.1 0.90   0.12 59.0
Watching TV                                       
”My parents allow me to watch television whenever I want“/”My child is allowed to watch TV/video/dvd whenever (s)he wants“ 0.22 28.3 1.11 + 0.14 30.4 1.07   0.20 26.5 1.23 + 0.23 24.3 1.07 + 0.11 25.7 1.12 - 0.11 21.4 1.31 + 0.11 25.4 1.11   0.22 34.3 0.91 + 0.17 26.8 1.13 + 0.19 43.0
”If I ask my parents to watch television, I can do so“/”If my child asks if (s)he is allowed to watch TV/video/dvd, I will allow it“ 0.18 42.6 0.65 + 0.17 38.5 0.76   0.14 34.7 0.86 + 0.32 50.4 0.55   0.21 47.3 0.59   0.16 39.7 0.74 + 0.11 40.8 0.70   0.14 44.8 0.64   0.21 41.4 0.70 + 0.23 52.2
”Do you have a television in your own bedroom?“/”TV/video/DVD is available in my child“s room?”ǁǁ 0.77 89.8    0.75 87.1    0.70 85.0    0.77 87.7    0.80 89.8    0.68 85.9    0.79 78.8    0.72 89.1    0.77 86.3    0.77 86.3
“How often do you watch television with your parents?”/“How often do you (one parent/spouse/partner or both) watch television together with your child?” 0.26 28.9 1.09 + 0.20 31.1 1.10   0.24 26.3 1.15 + 0.28 31.3 1.03 - 0.20 37.6 0.87 - 0.21 29.2 1.05 + 0.24 27.4 1.13 - 0.27 31.8 0.96 + 0.25 30.2 1.06   0.27 46.7
  1. Abbreviations: κ weighted Kappa statistics.
  2. *Percentage of agreement between child and parent reports.
  3. Mean of square root of squared difference between child and parent report.
  4. §Children score higher (+) or lower (-) than their parents, mean difference > ± 0.1.
  5. ǁǁAnswer categories included Yes/No.
  6. Unweighted Kappa.