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Table 2 Study participants

From: Smoking, smoking cessation and tobacco control in rural China: a qualitative study in Shandong Province

  Village resident (n = 37) Village leader (n = 10) Village doctor (n = 12) Total (n = 59)
Age, mean (range) 43.7 (16–63)* 46.0 (31–64) 46.8 (32–67)   
Gender         
Male 35 95% 10 100% 10 83% 55 93%
Female 2 5% 0 0% 2 17% 4 7%
Years of education         
0-6 12 32% 0 0% 0 0 12 20%
7-9 22 60% 3 30% 1 8% 26 44%
10-12 3 8% 7 70% 11 92% 21 36%
Primary occupation         
Agriculture 18 49%       
Factory worker 13 35%       
Business 6 16%       
Smoking status         
Current smoker 22 59% 5 50% 6 50% 33 56%
Former smoker 11 30% 3 30% 1 8% 15 25%
Nonsmoker 4 11% 2 20% 5 42% 11 19%
Interview type         
Individual 10 27% 10 100% 12 100% 32 54%
Group 27 73% 0 0% 0 0% 27 46%
  1. *Mean age was calculated based on 9 village residents interviewed individually. One village resident interviewed individually had missing age information. For confidentiality, age information was not asked of focused group participants.