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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess relationship between prevalence of hypertension and NCD risk factors among HIV positive patients utilizing CTC services

From: Magnitude and risk factors of non-communicable diseases among people living with HIV in Tanzania: a cross sectional study from Mbeya and Dar es Salaam regions

Risk factor Patients not on ART Patients on ART
  COR AOR P-value* COR AOR P-value*
1Smoking 2.40(0.68-8.46)    1.20(0.37-3.85)   
2Alcohol 1.26(0.78-2.03)    1.27(0.74-2.17)   
Consumed vegetables/fruits <5 days in a week 0.79(0.49-1.28)    0.84(0.47-1.51)   
3Never participate on vigorous intensity activity 1.43(0.90-2.25)    0.71(0.41-1.22)   
LDL (>2.6 mmol/l) 1.46(0.92-2.32)    1.42(0.81-2.47)   
Aged >40 years 3.20(1.97-5.18) 3.42(2.06-5.70) p < 0.001 2.59(1.50-4.49) 2.52(1.37-4.63) 0.003
HDL (<1.03 mmol/l Male, < 1.29 Female) 1.06(0.66-1.69)    1.79(0.71-4.44)   
Triglycerides (≥2 mmol/l) 1.96(1.22-3.16)    0.94(0.49-1.83)   
Waist circumference (male ≥94 cm/female >80 cm) 1.64(1.03-2.62)    2.86(1.64-5.00) 2.37(1.13-5.00) 0.023
Overweight/Obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) 1.95(1.21-3.16)    3.85(2.14-6.93) 2.71(1.26-5.84) 0.011
Sex (Male) 0.87(0.53-1.42)    1.52(0.85-2.70) 1.17(1.02-4.20) 0.043
TC (>6.2 mmo/l) 2.01(1.26-3.20) 2.28(1.39-3.75) 0.001 0.86(0.43-1.72)   
-2LR   24.19 p < 0.001   45.97 0.001
Common odds ratio   3.34(2.00-5.58)    2.37(1.31-4.31)  
  1. *P-Value for AOR, 1Smoking: Current tobacco users (smoke and smokeless tobacco users).
  2. 1Smoking: Current tobacco users (smoke and smokeless tobacco users).
  3. 2Alcohol: Used alcohol in the last 12 months.
  4. 3Never participate on vigorous intensity activity: included not participating on running, cycling, digging, manual construction works, brisk working).