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Table 1 Distribution of environmental and socio demographic factors among 35–70 years Tunisian adults, by gender (n = 7700)

From: Prevalence of diabetes in Northern African countries: the case of Tunisia

  Men Women
  n Weighted % n Weighted %
  3225 48.4 4475 51.6
Environment     
Area 3225   4475  
   Urban 1870 67.7 2527 66.6
   Rural 1355 32.3 1948 33.4
Region 3225   4475  
   District of Tunis 401 25.8 603 25.3
   North East 505 14.3 544 13.7
   North West 484 13.1 687 13.5
   Centre East 483 21.4 599 21.5
   Centre West 510 11.9 669 12.2
   South East 427 8.3 681 8.5
   South West 415 5.2 692 5.3
Familial & demographic factors     
Familial history T2D 3211   4457  
   Yes 717 25.2 1096 27.1
   No 2494 74.8 3361 72.8
Age (year) 3225   4475  
   35-39 580 18.4 839 21.0
   40-44 716 23.6 880 22.1
   45-49 583 18.2 827 16.5
   50-54 435 13.5 671 14.1
   55-59 306 10.1 470 10.3
   60-64 247 7.1 335 7.4
   65+ 358 9.1 453 8.6
Parity    4192  
   0-3 - - 1306 37.4
   4-5 - - 1289 31.2
   6+ - - 1597 31.4
Socio-economic factors     
Economic level of the household 3056   4233  
   1st quintile 687 18.5 1074 20.9
   2nd quintile 669 18.5 1036 21.2
   3rd quintile 609 18.7 886 19.5
   4th quintile 606 22.1 705 19.0
   5th quintile 485 22.2 532 19.4
Level of education of head of household 3186   4386  
   No formal schooling 887 23.5 1996 38.8
   Primary school 1327 41.4 1557 36.8
   Secondary 722 24.3 662 17.3
   University 250 10.8 201 7.2
Level of education 3213   4465  
   No formal schooling 793 20.1 2265 49.7
   Primary school 1290 38.9 1322 31.0
   Secondary 864 29.6 493 15.4
   University 266 11.5 97 3.8
Professional activity 2767   2945  
   Unemployed/retired 94 3.2 2304 71.0
   Employee/worker 1763 61.7 384 16.9
   Intermediate 466 18.0 178 7.9
   Upper 444 17.1 79 4.2