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Table 1 Change in age-standardized mortality rates for mental and neurological disorders in Europe, 1981 – 2009: median and first and third quartile values, by sex

From: The rise of mortality from mental and neurological diseases in Europe, 1979–2009: observational study

   Men     Women    
   1981-91 1991-00 2000-09 1991-2009 1981-91 1991-00 2000-09 1991-2009
All mental and neurological # 18 26 32 26 17 25 32 26
  Q1 -0.69 -0.60 -1.21 -1.39 -0.42 -0.18 0.67 0.92
  Median (Q2) 5.28 2.86 2.61 2.78 1.74 2.48 3.47 7.61
  Q3 9.75 9.20 6.71 8.44 7.69 8.66 7.37 13.15
Mental and behavioural disorders # 27 33 34 33 25 33 34 33
  Q1 -1.64 -1.70 -2.71 -1.69 25 33 34 33
  Median (Q2) 0.92 0.85 -1.11 0.93 0.37 0.40 0.08 0.86
  Q3 3.93 4.00 1.52 5.00 1.31 3.01 1.65 5.79
Dementias # 17 23 23 20 17 23 26 23
  Q1 0.05 -0.29 -0.54 -0.06 -0.70 -0.25 -0.67 -0.17
  Median (Q2) 0.43 0.26 0.01 2.60 0.69 0.53 0.19 2.40
  Q3 2.36 2.84 2.85 7.10 3.29 3.16 3.26 7.36
Psychoactive substance use # 17 24 30 24 17 22 25 21
  Q1 -1.16 -1.39 -3.07 -3.67 0.11 -0.46 -0.54 -1.36
  Median (Q2) 0.74 -0.22 -0.89 -1.10 0.54 -0.14 -0.09 -0.38
  Q3 2.87 0.97 -0.01 0.13 0.70 0.20 0.30 0.08
Diseases of the nervous system # 17 24 31 25 17 24 31 25
  Q1 -0.78 0.30 0.69 1.84 -0.48 0.10 0.30 1.41
  Median (Q2) 1.58 2.14 3.08 3.67 0.60 1.89 3.31 3.38
  Q3 3.37 3.28 4.61 7.50 3.02 3.63 4.86 6.38
Meningitis # 27 32 33 33 27 32 30 30
  Q1 -0.55 -0.28 -0.49 -0.70 -0.50 -0.21 -0.17 -0.33
  Median (Q2) -0.32 -0.05 -0.28 -0.39 -0.32 -0.11 -0.11 -0.22
  Q3 0.04 0.13 -0.10 -0.21 -0.11 0.06 -0.02 -0.11
Parkinson’s disease # 17 23 29 25 17 24 30 25
  Median (Q2) 0.41 0.36 0.59 1.23 0.18 0.03 0.24 0.14
  Q3 1.69 0.99 1.82 1.56 1.32 0.50 0.81 0.63
Alzheimer’s c.a # 17 24 31 25 17 24 31 25
  Q1 0.74 -0.16 -0.36 0.39 0.85 0.19 0.00 1.01
  Median (Q2) 1.74 1.21 1.38 1.75 1.56 1.46 1.01 1.87
  Q3 3.45 1.94 2.55 3.46 3.54 2.39 2.68 4.70
Multiple sclerosis # 27 30 28 28 27 32 30 29
  Q1 -0.20 -0.18 -0.28 -0.39 -0.30 -0.37 -0.14 -0.33
  Median (Q2) -0.05 0.03 -0.06 -0.12 -0.02 -0.10 -0.01 0.06
Epilepsy # 27 32 30 29 27 30 29 29
  Q1 -0.38 -0.61 -0.12 -0.44 -0.41 -0.43 -0.13 -0.38
  Median (Q2) 0.06 -0.12 0.17 -0.07 -0.13 -0.06 0.12 -0.06
  Q3 0.31 0.27 0.32 0.22 0.18 0.14 0.24 0.15
  1. Note: Q1, Q2 and Q3 represent the first quartile, second quartile (or median) and third quartile of the age-standardized mortality rates of all European countries with available data at that point in time. # denotes number of countries in the analysis.