Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary details of the societal level study included in the review

From: A systematic review of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal level interventions at reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity amongst children

Study Design & quality appraisal 1 Setting & participants Study aim Intervention 2 Inequality 3 Summary results 4 ↑ = increase ↓ = decrease ↔ = no change   Impact on inequalities in obesity 5
Bürgi et al 2012 [53] and Puder et al 2011 [54] Cluster RCT; 9.5 month follow-up; Final sample = 625; Quality = Strong 40 schools, Switzerland; 5.2 years; 50% girls Reduce obesity and improve fitness levels in children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds Nutrition and physical activity intervention; Prevention: Built environment adapted to promote physical activity (fixed and mobile equipment) plus exercise sessions; nutrition education; information and discussion evenings for parents Universal: trend for greater intervention effectiveness in higher SES children but not statistically significant BMI 0
Body fat% (↑SES)  
Body fat (↓SES)  
Skinfold thickness  
Waist circumference  
Overweight prevalence  
Fitness (↑SES)  
Fitness (↓SES)  
  1. 1Global Quality appraisal from EPHPP (16); 2Prevention or treatment intervention; 3Targeted/Universal approach to inequality; 4p < 0.05.This is the relative mean differences between intervention and control at follow-up; 5+ positive intervention effect so it reduces obesity-related outcomes in low SES groups or reduces the SES gradient in obesity-related outcomes, 0 no intervention effect or no effect on SES gradient in obesity-related outcomes; SES = Socioeconomic status; BMI = Body mass index.