Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants and their mothers in Meskan district, Gurage Zone, South Ethiopia, March 2013

From: Factors associated with stunting among children of age 24 to 59 months in Meskan district, Gurage Zone, South Ethiopia: a case-control study

Variable Case control p-value
Nº (%) Nº (%)
Sex    0.89
 Male 65(53.7) 65(53.7)
 Female 56(46.3) 56(46.3)
Ethnicity    0.80
 Gurage 113(93.4) 113(93.4)
 Other than Gurage 8(6.6) 8(6.6)
Maternal Religion    0.47
 Muslim 97(80.2) 90(74.4)
 Orthodox 16(13.2) 18(14.9)
 Protestant 8(6.6) 13(10.7)
Maternal education    0.31
 Illiterate 68(56.2) 59(48.8)
 Literate 53(43.8) 62(51.2)
Maternal Occupation    0.01
 Farmer 50(41.3) 38(31.4)
 Merchant 26(21.5) 14(11.6)
 House wife 45(37.2) 69(57.0)
Father Occupation    0.73
 Farmer 102(84.3) 99(81.8)
 Merchant 19(15.7) 22(18.2)
Maternal age (in years)    0.63
 20-24 6(5.0) 9(7.4)
 25-29 52(43.0) 43(35.5)
 30-34 31(25.6) 37(30.6)
 above 35 32(26.4) 32(26.4)
Marital status    0.27
 Married 110(90.9) 118(97.5)
 Divorced/Widowed 11(9.1) 3(2.5)
Wealth index    0.02
 1st Quartile 35(28.9) 24(19.8)
 2nd Quartile 36(29.8) 26(21.5)
 3rd Quartile 29(24.0) 31(25.6)
 4th Quartile 21(17.4) 40(33.1)
Family size    0.02
 2-4 24(19.8) 44(36.4)
 5-7 73(60.3) 60(49.6)
 8-10 24(19.8) 17(14)
Children age (in months)    0.01
 24-35 48(39.7) 30(24.8)
 36-47 48(39.7) 46(38.0)
 48-59 25(20.6) 45(37.2)
Number of under 5 children    0.001
 1 41(33.9) 66(54.5)
 2 60(49.6) 48(39.7)
 3 20(16.5) 7(5.8)
Birth order    0.36
 1-3 53(43.8) 61(50.4)
 Above 3 68(56.2) 60(49.6)