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Table 1 Participant characteristics by ethnicity and gender

From: Culture, acculturation and smoking use in Hmong, Khmer, Laotians, and Vietnamese communities in Minnesota

  Hmong Cambodian Vietnamese Lao
Men (n = 8) Women (n = 7) Men (n = 8) Women (n = 7) Men (n = 8) Women (n = 7) Men (n = 8) Women (n = 7)
M(SD) M(SD) M(SD) M(SD)
Age 43.9 (15.1) 32.7 (7.9) 56.7 (8.8) 46.3 (5.9) 60.3 (2.1) 34.0 (14.0) 55.7 (13.1) 39.2 (14.8)
Years in U.S. 17.0 (4.3) 21.4 (3.7) 19.2 (8.0) 19.0 (6.2)   —* 17.7 (4.3) 19.8 (5.9)
Smoking status (%)
Current 12.5% 0 0 0 16.7% 0 12.5% 0
Former 25.0% 0 75% 0 33.3% 0 75.0% 0
Never 62.5% 100% 25% 100% 50.0% 100% 12.5% 100%
  1. *Missing data.