Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of Literature Reviewed

From: Socio-cultural factors influencing the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Nigeria: a synthesis of the literature

Reference Setting (Urban/Rural) Sample Study Type Aim
Nwakwuo et al., 2013 [19] Semi-Urban 400 households Cross-sectional survey To assess the level of male involvement in their spouses' reproductive health events before pregnancy, during pregnancy, delivery and peuperium
Ogbolu et al., 2013 [20] Rural/Urban 231 nurses Cross-sectional survey To examine current PMTCT practices in 27 public health facilities in Nigeria.
Olugbenga-Bello et al., 2013 [21] Urban 420 women (15-49 years) Cross-sectional survey To assess knowledge and attitude of women of child-bearing age towards PMTCT
Amoran et al., 2012 [22] Urban 225 pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To assess factors associated with the knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services by the teenage pregnant women when compared to mature pregnant women.
Hembah-Hilekaan et al., 2012 [23] Semi-Urban 384 women Cross-sectional survey To assess knowledge, attitudes and barriers to the uptake of PMTCT
Nwabueze et al., 2012 [24] Semi-Urban 288 women Cross-sectional survey To assess the determinants of subjective health status of HIV-positive mothers assessing PMTCT services
Ogbe et al., 2012 [25] Urban 140 women Cross-sectional survey To determine the contraceptive awareness among HIV positive women
Sofolahan et al., 2012 [26] Urban 60 women In-depth interviews To understand the factors responsible for the childbearing decisions of women living with HIV/AIDS
Ugwu et al., 2012 [27] Urban 150 antenatal clients Cross-sectional survey To study the impact of health education on the awareness of strategies for PMTCT
Bello et al., 2011 [28] Urban 104 women Cross-sectional survey To assess the acceptability and suitability of offering HIV counselling and testing to women of unknown HIV status presenting in labour.
Ezegwui et al., 2011 [29] Urban 96 HIV positive pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To evaluate sexual behavior and activity in HIV positive pregnant women and their sources of information
Ezeanochie et al., 2011 [30] Urban 305 HIV positive women Cross-sectional survey To evaluate the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence among HIV-positive pregnant Nigerian women.
Olagbuji et al., 2011 [31] Urban 166 HIV positive women Cross-sectional survey To determine the prevalence, pattern and determinants of spousal disclosure of HIV serostatus
Balogun et al., 2010 [32] Urban 108 Traditional Birth Attendants Cross-sectional survey To assess the knowledge and practice of PMTCT amongst TBAs in Lagos, Nigeria.
Enwereji et al., 2010 [33] Semi-Urban 96 PLWHA and 45 healthcare workers Mixed-method To identify factors and conditions that determine childbirth choices of PLWHA
Oladokun et al., 2010 [34] Urban 51952 women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To evaluate the service uptake and performance of PMTCT program using national key indicators
Oladokun et al., 2010 [35] Urban 241 women Cross-sectional survey To evaluate the infant-feeding choices, practices and possible determinants among HIV-positive women enrolled in a PMTCT program
Adeleke et al., 2009 [36] Urban 164 mothers Cross-sectional survey To evaluate the awareness and knowledge of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, HIV/AIDS and the methods to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
Brown et al., 2009 [37] Urban 513 mothers Cross-sectional survey To evaluate breastfeeding and weaning practices associated socio-demographic factors and knowledge about mother-to-child transmission of HIV among mothers
Ezechi et al., 2009 [38] Urban 652 HIV positive pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To determine the prevalence, types and correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) in pregnant Nigerian living with HIV.
Ezegwui et al., 2009 [39] Urban 92 pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To assess HIV serostatus disclosure pattern among pregnant women
Maru et al., 2009 [40] Urban 469 women Mixed-methods To identify the social determinants of mixed feeding
Moses et al., 2009 [41] Urban 172 women Cross-sectional survey To determine the level of knowledge, practice and attitude toward HIV/AIDS issues with respect to PMTCT
Mukhtar-Yola et al., 2009 [42] Urban 190 HIV exposed babies Cross-sectional survey To determine the sociodemographic characteristics, infant feeding choices and outcome of HIV exposed neonates
Omuemu et al., 2008 [43] Urban 200 pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To assess the awareness, attitude and practice of HIV testing among antenatal clients
Onah et al., 2008 [44] Urban 635 pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To assess voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) uptake, nevirapine use and infant feeding options among pregnant women
Sadoh et al., 2008 [45] Urban 103 mothers Cross-sectional survey To evaluate the feeding practices of HIV-infected mothers in the first six months of their infants’ lives
Arulogun et al., 2007 [46] Urban 20 community gatekeepers In-depth interviews To identify level of awareness and knowledge of PMTCT services
Okonkwo et al., 2007 [47] Semi-Urban 240 pregnant women Cross-Sectional Survey To determine the awareness, attitudes, and beliefs of pregnant Nigerian women toward voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for HIV
Adeneye et al., 2006 [48] Urban 804 women at antenatal clinic Mixed methods To assess willingness to seek and undergo HIV counseling and testing.
Daniel et al., 2006 [49] Urban 333 pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To assess the acceptability of prenatal HIV screening
Ekabua et al., 2006 [50] Urban 400 women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To determine the level of awareness, attitude and practice of antenatal HIV screening
Sagay et al., 2006 [51] Urban 570 HIV positive mothers Cross-sectional survey To explore the issues concerning disclosure of HIV status to partners of HIV sero-positive mothers in a PMTCT programme
Sagay et al., 2006 [52] Urban 500 partners of HIV infected pregnant women Cross-sectional survey To determine the pattern of HIV sero-status of Partners of HIV Positive Pregnant Women
Igwegbe et al., 2005 [53] Semi-Urban 312 pregnant women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of HIV/AIDS and mother to child transmission among pregnant women
Iliyasu et al., 2005 [54] Urban 210 women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To assess pregnant women's knowledge of HIV/AIDS, awareness and attitudes towards Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) in a teaching hospital in northern Nigeria.
Oladapo et al., 2005 [55] Semi-Urban 147 HIV positive men and women Cross-sectional survey To determine the extent of fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive patients
Chama et al., 2004 [56] Urban 262 pregnant women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To determine uptake of PMTCT services at an antenatal clinic
Ekanem et al., 2004 [57] Urban 345 pregnant women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To determine their knowledge and acceptability of HIV voluntary counselling and testing in pregnancy
Fasubaa et al., 2001 [58] Semi-Urban 586 pregnant women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional Survey To assess pregnant clients' opinions on the issue of antenatal HIV screening
Orji et al., 2001 [59] Semi-Urban 200 pregnant women at antenatal clinic Cross-sectional survey To determine the attitude of pregnant women to routine HIV screening
Owolabi et al., 2001 [60] Semi-Urban 4 HIV positive pregnant women Case-Study To highlight the socio-economic implications and the burden of HIV on maternal and child health