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Table 3 Dietary intake and adherence to Nordic dietary guidelines (adherence scores and % of adherence)

From: Adherence of pregnant women to Nordic dietary guidelines in relation to postpartum weight retention: results from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

Food groups/Macronutrients Mean (STD) Adherence score: Mean (STD) % of women adhering to recommendations
Food groups   HEI-NFG  
Fresh fruits (g/day) 263.7 (191.7) 6.9 (3.0) 32.9
Vegetables (g/day) 151.6 (90.0) 4.9 (2.5) 6.5
Whole-grain (g/day) 116.7 (97.3) 7.4 (3.7) 61.1
Fish and seafood (g/week) 259.0 (157.9) 3.5 (1.4)† 22.8
Fatty fish (g/week) 75.2 (92.3) 1.6 (1.5)† 6.7
Red meat (g/week) 527.5 (195.6) 8.8 (1.5) 44.7
Sodium (g/day) 3.1 (0.8) 8.0 (1.5) 19.4
Added sugar (E%) 10.7 (5.0) 8.7 (1.8) 50.9
Macronutrients   HEI-NNR  
Total fat (E%) 31.1 (4.5) 4.9 (0.2) 72.5
Saturated +trans fat (E%) 12.9 (2.2) 4.0 (0.6) 8.2
Monounsaturated fat (E%) 10.0 (1.8) 4.6 (0.5) 47.1
Polyunsaturated fat (E%) 5.9 (1.6) 4.8 (0.4) 65.4
Fibre (g/day) 30.8 (10.4) 9.4 (1.2) 69.6
Added sugar (E%) 10.7 (5.0) 8.7 (1.8) 50.9
Total protein (E%) 15.3 (2.1) 10.0 (0.1) 97.7
Total energy intake (kcal/day) 2306.7 (606.8)   
  1. Abbreviations: E% percentage of total energy intake, HEI Healthy Eating Index, NFG Norwegian Food Guidelines, NNR Nordic Nutrition Recommendations, STD Standard Deviation.
  2. Maximum score was 5 whereas for the rest of the components the maximum score was 10.