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Table 5 Multinomial logistic regression analyses of demographic, socioeconomic and health status characteristics on caring† in the 1973–78 cohort: odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)

From: Socioeconomic factors associated with trajectories of caring by young and mid-aged women: a cohort study

Characteristics Latent classesa
  Overall highest OR (95% CIs) Short-term OR (95% CIs) Early high then fluctuating OR (95% CIs) Low then increasing OR (95% CIs)
Relationship status     
Partnered 0.74 (0.4, 1.3) 1.06 (0.8, 1.4) 0.79 (0.4, 1.5) 1.39 (1.0, 1.9)*
Unpartnered (ref) 1 1 1 1
Occupational status b     
No occupation 1.41 (0.6, 3.5) 0.73 (0.4, 1.2) 1.35 (0.5, 3.5) 1.33 (0.8, 2.3)
Element cleric/prod 0.82 (0.3, 2.1) 0.82 (0.5, 1.3) 0.89 (0.4, 2.1) 1.29 (0.8, 2.1)
Intermed cleric/prod 1.33 (0.7, 2.7) 0.78 (0.5, 1.1) 1.07 (0.5, 2.1) 0.88 (0.5, 1.4)
Trade/adv cleric 0.70 (0.3, 1.7) 0.99 (0.7, 1.4) 0.64 (0.3, 1.4) 1.57 (1.0, 2.4)*
Manager/professional (ref) 1 1 1 1
Ability to manage on available income     
Impossible/difficult always 4.35 (1.3, 15.1)* 1.79 (1.2, 2.7)** 0.65 (0.3, 1.4) 2.11 (1.2, 3.6)**
Difficult sometimes 3.62 (1.1, 12.1)* 1.47 (0.9, 2.2) 0.66 (0.3, 1.3) 1.45 (0.8, 2.4)
Not too bad 2.77 (0.8, 9.3) 1.02 (0.7, 1.5) 0.72 (0.4, 1.4) 1.31 (0.8, 2.2)
Easy (ref) 1 1 1 1
Labour force/study participation c     
No work/no study 2.09 (0.8, 5.3) 1.61 (1.0, 2.6)* 0.99 (0.4, 2.6) 1.83 (1.1, 3.1)*
Study/no work 1.15 (0.3, 5.1) 2.45 (1.5, 4.1)*** 0.96 (0.3, 3.2) 2.27 (1.2, 4.3)*
PT work + study 1.63 (0.7, 3.9) 1.89 (1.3, 2.8)*** 1.08 (0.5, 2.3) 1.32 (0.8, 2.2)
FT work + study 1.58 (0.7, 3.5) 1.68 (1.2, 2.3)** 0.82 (0.4, 1.7) 1.14 (0.7, 1.8)
PT work/no study 2.82 (1.5, 5.5)** 1.54 (1.1, 2.1)* 1.27 (0.7, 2.4) 1.46 (0.9, 2.2)
FT work/no study (ref) 1 1 1 1
Highest educational qualification     
≤ 10 years 1.19 (0.5, 3.0) 1.64 (1.0, 2.7)* 0.60 (0.2, 1.5) 1.41 (0.7, 2.7)
11-12 years 0.58 (0.3, 1.3) 1.08 (0.7, 1.6) 0.70 (0.4, 1.3) 1.21 (0.7, 2.1)
Trade/certificate/diploma 1.17 (0.5, 2.8) 1.72 (1.1, 2.7)* 0.53 (0.2, 1.2) 1.37 (0.7, 2.5)
Degree/higher degree (ref) 1 1 1 1
Self-rated health     
Fair/poor 2.25 (0.8, 6.5) 1.53 (0.9, 2.4) 3.69 (1.4, 9.6)** 0.66 (0.4, 1.1)
Good 1.17 (0.4, 3.2) 1.04 (0.7, 1.6) 1.46 (0.6, 3.6) 0.60 (0.4, 0.9)*
Very good 1.83 (0.7, 4.7) 1.31 (0.9, 1.9) 1.98 (0.8, 4.7) 0.56 (0.4, 0.8)**
Excellent (ref) 1 1 1 1
  1. †from latent class analysis; N = 8923; *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***P ≤ 0.001 (all 2-sided); aReference category = overall lowest; boccupational status included ‘occupations they were studying to become’, element cleric prod = elementary clerical or production, intermed cleric prod = intermediate clerical or production, adv cleric = advanced clerical, measured at survey 2; cPT = part-time ≤34 hours/week, FT = full-time 35+ hours/week.