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Table 2 Practices, knowledge, and attitudes on vaccination and quality of immunization services, by region: Colombia, May 2010

From: Understanding the main barriers to immunization in Colombia to better tailor communication strategies

Indicators (agreement with given statement) Total (n = 4802) No. (%) Region
Bogotá (n = 100) No. (%) Antiguos Territorios Nacionales (n = 200) No. (%) Antioquia (n = 735) No. (%) Atlántico (n = 800) No. (%) Boyacá-Cundinamarca (n = 605) No. (%) Eje Cafetero (n = 360) No. (%) Meta-Arauca-Casanare (n = 401) No. (%) Pacífica (n = 601) No. (%) Santanderes (n = 500) No. (%) Tolima-Huila-Caquetá (n = 500) No. (%)
Knowledge and attitudes            
I know what disease each vaccine prevents 3077 (64.1) 87 (87.0) 103 (51.5) 464 (63.1) 679 (84.9) 363 (60.0) 249 (69.2) 256 (63.8) 358 (59.6) 296 (59.2) 222 (44.4)
My parents did NOT become sick and they were never vaccinated? 819 (17.1) 24 (24.0) 75 (37.5) 83 (11.3) 142 (17.8) 83 (13.7) 77 (21.4) 34 (8.5) 190 (31.6) 54 (10.8) 57 (11.4)
People living in rural areas do not need vaccines 596 (12.4) 15 (15.0) 53 (26.5) 65 (8.8) 90 (11.3) 69 (11.4) 49 (13.6) 29 (7.2) 145 (24.1) 53 (10.6) 28 (5.6)
Practices            
I have vaccination cards for all my children** 4738 (98.7) 99 (99.0) 197 (98.5) 726 (98.8) 794 (99.3) 601 (99.3) 360 (100.0) 400 (99.8) 586 (97.5) 493 (98.6) 482 (96.4)
I was NOT aware that my child was lacking one or more vaccines (n = 3344)✚ 1610 (48.1) 43 (62.3) 89 (62.7) 111 (21.6) 232 (44.3) 251 (56.9) 128 (49.4) 184 (66.4) 275 (65.6) 175 (49.4) 122 (35.4)
I need an appointment to vaccinate my child 2178 (45.4) 19 (19.0) 104 (52.0) 431 (58.6) 241 (30.1) 235 (29.4) 231 (64.2) 143 (35.7) 290 (48.3) 248 (49.6) 236 (47.2)
I have once had to pay for a vaccine 150 (3.1) 3 (3.0) 3 (1.5) 69 (9.4) 10 (1.3) 18 (3.0) 2 (0.6) 8 (2.0) 13 (2.2) 14 (2.8) 10 (2.0)
I have forgotten at least one vaccination appointment 1133 (23.6) 31 (31.0) 111 (55.5) 102 (13.9) 232 (29.0) 182 (30.1) 47 (13.1) 39 (9.7) 195 (32.4) 100 (20.0) 94 (18.8)
Service Quality            
During my last visit to a health center, immunization services were “excellent” or “good” 4137 (86.2) 94 (94.0) 169 (84.5) 710 (96.6) 633 (79.1) 558 (92.2) 327 (90.8) 369 (92.0) 437 (72.7) 421 (84.2) 419 (83.8)
Healthcare workers tell me my child’s next vaccination appointment°° 4415 (91.9) 90 (90.0) 187 (93.5) 715 (97.3) 725 (90.6) 548 (90.6) 354 (98.4) 378 (94.3) 531 (88.3) 428 (85.6) 459 (91.8)
Healthcare workers tell me which vaccines/boosters my child has received°° 3733 (77.7) 88 (88.0) 138 (69.0) 635 (86.4) 655 (81.9) 511 (84.5) 292 (81.1) 304 (75.8) 471 (78.4) 338 (67.6) 301 (60.2)
Healthcare workers inform me of the risk of adverse events°° 4283 (89.2) 92 (92.0) 160 (80.0) 697 (94.8) 712 (89.0) 564 (93.2) 343 (95.3) 358 (89.3) 517 (86.0) 372 (74.4) 468 (93.6)
During my child’s last check-up, a physician reviewed my child’s vaccination card 3807 (79.3) 86 (86.0) 152 (76.0) 677 (92.1) 686 (85.8) 514 (85.0) 317 (88.1) 302 (75.3) 369 (61.4) 307 (61.4) 397 (79.4)
I had to present my child’s vaccination card as a prerequisite for her entry into preschool or kindergarten 2930 (61.0) 61 (61.0) 89 (44.5) 409 (55.6) 630 (78.8) 379 (62.6) 240 (66.7) 171 (42.6) 330 (54.9) 364 (72.8) 257 (51.4)
  1. Values in this table reflect participant responses in each of the 10 regions evaluated. Bold values reflect deviations from rate in overall study population (difference of >8 points).
  2. **Participants were required to provide interviewers with a copy of the child’s vaccination card.
  3. ✚Total include only those participants with at least one child with an incomplete immunization schedule (n = 3344). Percentages based on regional totals of children with incomplete schedules: Bogotá (69), Antiguos Territorios Nacionales (142), Antioquia (514), Atlántica (524), Boyacá-Cundinamarca (441), Eje Cafetero (259), Meta-Arauca-Casanare (277), Pacífica (419), Santanderes (354), and Tolima-Huila-Caquetá (345).
  4. For the purposes of this table, totals include respondents who indicated they agreed with statement given. Participants who “neither agreed nor disagreed,” “disagreed,” or chose not to respond were excluded.
  5. °°For the purposes of this table, totals include respondents who indicated that event occurred “always” or “almost always.” Participants who indicated event occurred “sometimes,” “rarely,” or “never” were excluded.