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Table 2 Results of univariate and multivariate logistic models with consistent condom use as dependent variable

From: Correlates of consistent condom use among recently initiated and traditionally circumcised men in the rural areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Variables Participants consistent condom use Univariate model Multivariate model
No (N = 744) Yes (N = 815) OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Knowledge of protective effects of condoms 81% 92% 1.64 (1.37, 1.97) <.001 1.32 (1.08, 1.62) <.001
Knowledge of appropriate use of condoms (Mean, SD) 2.23 (1.28) 2.70 (1.17) 1.36 (1.25, 1.48) <.001 1.21 (1.09, 1.34) <.001
Attitude towards condom use with a casual sexual partner 65% 84% 1.48 (1.34, 1.64) <.001 1.16 (1.02, 1.32) <.05
Attitude towards condom use with the main sexual partner 33% 57% 1.39 (1.29, 1.49) <.001 1.14 (1.04, 1.27) <.001
Subjective norm towards condom use with a casual sexual partner 70% 73% 1.07 (0.92, 1.24) NS - -
Subjective norm towards condom use with the main sexual partner 31% 49% 1.49 (1.35, 1.64) <.001 1.19 (1.03, 1.37) <.01
Self-efficacy towards condom use 53% 70% 2.04 (1.77, 2.35) <.001 1.78 (1.46, 2.17) <.001
Perceived personal barriers on condom access 52% 35% 0.73 (0.67, 0.79) <.001 0.78 (0.68, 0.89) <.001
Perceived organizational barriers on condom access 56% 41% 0.84 (0.76, 0.94) <.001 1.06 (0.90, 1.23) NS
Positive self-esteem 85% 88% 0.67 (0.55, 0.81) <.001 1.45 (1.06, 1.99) <.01
Negative self-esteem 48% 57% 0.94 (0.85, 1.04) NS - -
Received general teachings about being a responsible man 90% 78% 0.46 (0.37, 0.57) <.001 0.42 (0.28, 0.63) <.001
Received teachings about traditional related practices 65% 68% 0.94 (0.85, 1.03) NS - -
Received teachings about sexual behaviour aspects 47% 53% 1.20 (1.10, 1.31) <.001 1.10 (0.98, 1.23) NS
Beliefs about male circumcision and STI protection 39% 46% 1.17 (1.06, 1.29) <.001 1.16 (1.02, 1.32) ≤.05
Beliefs about male circumcision as a positive experience 90% 83% 0.57 (0.48, 0.67) <.001 0.93 (0.72, 1.21) NS
Subjective norm towards traditionally circumcised men 79% 76% 0.71 (0.61, 0.83) <.001 0.94 (0.76, 1.17) NS
Perceived self-efficacy to uphold traditional values 92% 95% 1.07 (0.89, 1.28) NS - -
Attitude towards being a responsible man 88% 88% 0.84 (0.71, 0.98) <.05 0.93 (0.73, 1.18) NS
Subjective norm towards responsible man’s positive support 79% 86% 1.08 (0.94, 1.24) NS - -
Subjective norm towards responsible man’s family welfare 70% 83% 0.69 (0.60, 0.80) <.001 0.69 (0.56, 0.85) <.001
Subjective norm towards gender based violence 57% 59% 1.00 (0.92, 1.09) NS - -
Perceived self-efficacy of being a responsible man 93% 93% 0.86 (0.71, 1.04) NS - -
Attitude towards gender based violence 42% 31% 0.80 (0.71, 0.90) <.001 1.24 (1.03, 1.48) <.01
Attitude towards sexual coercion 23% 15% 0.57 (0.44, 0.73) <.001 0.81 (0.70, 0.95) <.01
Cultural affiliation 93% 88% 0.54 (0.43, 0.67) <.001 0.45 (0.24, 0.83) <.01
Cultural alienation 83% 74% 0.51 (0.40, 0.65) <.001 2.07 (1.21, 3.54) <.001
  1. NS = not significant.