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Table 2 Characteristics of the study population (n = 551) of Bolivian children seeking hospital care for diarrheal episodes, 2007 - 2009

From: The economic burden of pediatric gastroenteritis to Bolivian families: a cross-sectional study of correlates of catastrophic cost and overall cost burden

Characteristic n Frequency (Percent) or mean (SD)
Demographics    
 Caregiver relationship to child 542   
  Mother   493 (91.0)
  Father   38 (7.0)
  Other relative   11 (2.0)
 Male child 550 302 (54.9)
 Age of child (months) 524 12.6 (9.5)
 Rural residence 458 81 (17.7)
 SUMI 313 266 (85.0)
 Hospital (City) 536   
  Del Niño (La Paz)   25 (4.7)
  Materno-Infantil (La Paz)   25 (4.7)
  Boliviano Holandés (El Alto)   61 (11.4)
  Germán Urquidi (Cochabamba)   75 (14.0)
  Albina Patiño (Cochabamba)   203 (37.9)
  Mario Ortiz Suárez (Santa Cruz)   147 (27.4)
 Number of people in household 524 4.7 (2.4)
 Average monthly household income (US$) 551 242.50 (200.00)
 Dual-income household 477 145 (30.4)
Treatment-Seeking Behavior    
 Sought treatment at least once previously to current visit 467 384 (82.2)
 Number of transportations taken to current visit 428 1.3 (0.5)
 Number of days child had diarrhea prior to current visit 513 4.9 (7.4)
Severity of illness    
 Child was an outpatient 551 297 (53.9)
 Child presented with at least one complication§ 548 280 (51.1)
 Child’s first episode of diarrhea in their life 466 164 (35.2)
  1. Universal insurance program for Bolivian children <5 and pregnant women (covered up to 6 mo. post partum). Private hospital. §Complications defined as at least one of the following, as diagnosed by the attending physician: electrolyte disorder, electrolyte imbalance, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis, anemia, malnutrition, acute respiratory infection, bronchopneumonia, intussusception, dehydration, or any other unnamed complication.