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Table 3 Association between LTPA and socio-demographic, environmental characteristics and sitting time by gender

From: Estimation of leisure time physical activity and sedentary behaviour among school adolescents in Nepal

Characteristics Female Male
Unadjusted Adjusted p Unadjusted Adjusted p
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age of student (in years)       
 15-17 1.92 (0.89-4.10) 3.09 (1.18-8.08) 0.022 1.45 (0.74-2.87) 1.35 (0.62-2.95) 0.457
 18-20 - -   - -  
Place of residence       
 Rural 0.83 (0.46-1.51) 0.85 (0.36-2.04) 0.721 0.84 (0.44-1.61) 0.58 (0.24-1.36) 0.206
 Urban - -   - -  
Family type       
 Nuclear 1.55 (0.81-2.97) 2.16 (1.01-4.62) 0.046 1.02 (0.52-2.02) 1.18 (0.55-2.54) 0.672
 Joint/Extended - -   - -  
Economic status    0.003    0.579
 Low 0.39 (0.15-0.98) 0.34 (0.12-0.98) 0.046 0.65 (0.27-1.51) 0.64 (0.23-1.80) 0.402
 Medium 1.78 (0.92-3.44) 2.14 (0.94-4.83) 0.069 0.78 (0.31-1.99) 0.99 (0.34-2.85) 0.982
 High - -   - -  
Type of school       
 Public 1.16 (0.63-2.13) 1.75 (0.80-3.81) 0.161 0.84 (0.44-1.61) 0.69 (0.30-1.59) 0.382
 Private - -   - -  
Mode of transport to school       
 Walking 3.87 (1.60-9.33) 3.82 (1.39-10.46) 0.009 2.64 (1.07-6.46) 3.74 (1.18-11.88) 0.025
 Cycling 2.22 (0.88-5.62) 2.52 (0.85-7.42) 0.095 5.57 (2.01-15.45) 8.09 (2.35-27.80) 0.001
 Vehicles - -   - -  
Playground in school       
 No 0.66 (0.36-1.20) 0.49 (0.23-1.06) 0.070 0.56 (0.29-1.07) 0.47 (0.20-1.11) 0.085
 Yes - -   - -  
Neighborhood walkability       
 No 2.39 (0.71-8.07) 1.91 (0.47-7.84) 0.366 0.96 (0.34-2.73) 0.98 (0.31-3.13) 0.978
 Yes - -   - -  
Playground/parks near home       
 No 0.46 (0.25-0.83) 0.48 (0.24-0.94) 0.034 0.49 (0.25-0.97) 0.42 (0.19-0.95) 0.038
 Yes - -   - -  
Extra-curricular activities       
 Yes 0.73 (0.36-1.46) 0.82 (0.34-1.99) 0.662 1.77 (0.83-3.82) 2.49 (1.04-5.97) 0.041
 No - -   - -  
Sitting time       
 ≤ 6 hours 1.16 (0.54-2.50) 0.90 (0.35-2.31) 0.831 1.46 (0.71-2.96) 1.82 (0.70-4.70) 0.219
 > 6 hours - -   - -  
  1. Note: Adjusted for age, place of residence, family type, economic status, type of school, mode of transport to school, playground and extra-curricular activities in school, neighborhood walkability, playground/parks near home and sitting time.