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Table 3 Prevalence of anemia by age and region

From: Prevalence of anemia among under-5 children in the Ghanaian population: estimates from the Ghana demographic and health survey

Region total (95% CI) Characteristic age (Years) Sample size (n) Prevalence of anemia % (Weighted) Prevalence of anemia % (Unweighted) p-value*
(95% Confidence interval) (95% Confidence interval)
Western 6 months<age<1 21 90·3 (70·7-98·3) 90·5 (68·2,98·3) 0·2625
1≤age<2 46 77·1 (64·5-89·7) 80·4 (65·6-90·1)
2≤age<3 46 85·3 (74·8-95·8) 89·1 (75·6-95·9)
79·3 (73·0-84·6) 3≤age<4 38 69·1 (54·1-84·1) 73·7 (56·6,86·0)
4≤age<5 44 79·7 (67·6-91·8) 84·1 (69·3-92·8)
Central 6 months<age<1 17 93·5 (71·6-99·4) 94·1 (69·2-99·7) 0·6521
1≤age<2 38 84·4 (74·3-94·6) 86·8 (71·1-95·1)
2≤age<3 40 88·6 (79·5-97·8) 85·0 (69·5-93·8)
85·4 (79·4-90·0) 3≤age<4 21 82·8 (68·0-97·5) 81·0 (57·4-93·7)
4≤age<5 30 80·5 (67·6-93·4) 80·0 (60·9-91·6)
Greater Accra 6 months<age<1 14 65·4 (39·8-91·0) 64·3 (35·6-86·0) 0·0379
1≤age<2 44 79·4 (68·4-90·4) 77·3 (61·8-88·0)
2≤age<3 47 55·2(42·1-68·3) 55·3 (40·2-69·5)
62·3 (56·0-68·3) 3≤age<4 44 61·5 (48·3-74·7) 61·4 (45·5-75·3)
4≤age<5 50 54·1 (41·7-66·5) 52·0 (37·6-66·1)
Volta 6 months<age<1 29 81·3 (66·9-95·7) 82·8 (63·5-93·5) 0·0209
1≤age<2 39 98·0 (85·3-99·9) 97·4 (84·9-99·9)
2≤age<3 36 76·6 (62·0-91·3) 75·0 (57·4-87·2)
79·5 (72·8-84·9) 3≤age<4 44 69·6 (55·6-83·7) 65·9 (50·9-79·1)
4≤age<5 36 73·4 (58·3-88·6) 69·4 (51·7-83·1)
Eastern 6 months<age<1 22 76·9 (57·3-96·5) 77·3 (54·2-91·3) 0·5799
1≤age<2 54 75·6 (63·5-87·8) 77·8 (64·1-87·5)
2≤age<3 40 81·0 (67·6-94·3) 80·0 (63·9-90·4)
73·4 (66·3-79·5) 3≤age<4 32 67·1 (50·2-84·0) 68·8 (49·8-83·3)
4≤age<5 41 66·9 (51·7-82·1) 65·9 (49·3-79·4)
Ashanti 6 months<age<1 32 82·7 (70·6-94·8) 84·4 (66·5-94·1) 0·3337
1≤age<2 80 83·1 (75·7-90·4) 83·8 (73·4-90·7)
2≤age<3 71 81.9 (73·6-90·2) 81·7 (70·4-89·5)
79·8 (75·5-83·5) 3≤age<4 71 80·3 (71·9-88·8) 80·3 (68·8-88·4)
4≤age<5 70 71·8 (62·2-81·5) 71·4 (59·2-81·3)
Brong Ahafo 6 months<age<1 28 88·3 (69·2-96·8) 89·3 (70·6-97·2) 0·1683
1≤age<2 48 85·3 (74·9-95·7) 85·4 (71·6-93·5)
2≤age<3 48 80·4 (68·2-92·5) 83·3 (69·2-92·0)
78·0 (71·9-83·2) 3≤age<4 52 71·3 (59·1-83·5) 73·1 (58·7-84·0)
4≤age<5 42 70·1 (56·1-84·0) 71·4 (55·2-83·8)
Northern 6 months<age<1 44 91·8 (78·2-97·6) 90·9 (77·4-97·0) < 0·0001
1≤age<2 76 92·8 (86·6-99·1) 92·1 (83·0-96·7)
2≤age<3 64 87·0 (78·4-95·6) 89·1 (78·2-95·1)
82·0 (77·2-86·0) 3≤age<4 68 80·4 (70·3-90·6) 83·8 (72·5-91·3)
4≤age<5 83 64·8 (54·2-75·5) 68·7 (57·4-78·2)
Upper East 6 months<age<1 23 86·0 (55·5-97·8) 87·0 (65·3-96·6) 0·9680
1≤age<2 32 92·0 (70·8-98·8) 90·6 (73·8-97·5)
2≤age<3 28 90·9 (67·1-98·7) 85·7 (66·4-95·3)
88·9 (80·9-94·0) 3≤age<4 32 86·2 (62·2-96·7) 84·3 (66·5-94·1)
4≤age<5 43 88·6 (70·0-96·8) 88·4 (74·1-95·6)
Upper West 6 months<age<1 30 97·1 (52·6-100·0) 93·3 (76·5-98·8) 0·3573
1≤age<2 64 98·7 (75·9-100·0) 98·4 (90·5-99·9)
2≤age<3 45 84·3 (52·7-97·3) 84·4 (69·9-93·0)
88·1(76·4-94·6) 3≤age<4 30 78·2 (40·2-96·3) 80·0 (60·9-91·6)
4≤age<5 51 79·5 (49·1-94·9) 78·4 (64·3-88·2)
  1. *p-value shows the difference in prevalence across the various groups within each category.
  2. **only children aged from 6 months to below 5 years are included in the analysis.