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Table 2 Prevalence of anemia by age, sex and place of residence

From: Prevalence of anemia among under-5 children in the Ghanaian population: estimates from the Ghana demographic and health survey

  Characteristic Sample size (n) Prevalence of anemia % (Weighted) Prevalence of anemia % (Unweighted) p-value*
Type of residence (95% confidence interval) (95% confidence interval)
Urban Total 695 67·5 (64·3 – 70·9) 68·8 (65·3 – 72·2)  
Age** (Years)    
6 months<age< 1 73 75·0 (64·6 - 84·4) 75·3 (64·8 - 85·3)
1≤ age < 2 176 81·2 (75·7 - 86·9) 81·2 (75·2 - 87·0)  
2≤ age < 3 149 69·1 (61·9 - 76·3) 69·8 (62·6 - 77·6) < 0·0001
3≤ age <4 150 61·6 (54·1 - 68·6) 62·7 (54·5 - 70·3)  
4≤ age <5 147 53·2 (45·5 - 60·7) 55·8 (47·3 - 63·6)  
< 2 398 79·4 (74·7-84·4) 79·5(74·5-84·6) < 0·0001
2≤ age <5 297 61·3 (57·0-65·5) 62·8 (58·3-67·3)
Sex     
Male 350 68·2 (63·6 - 72·7) 70·0 (65·2 - 74·8) 0·694
Female 345 66·8 (61·7 - 71·3) 67·5 (62·6 - 72·5)
  Total 1473 84·8 (82·8 - 86·7) 85·4 (83·6 – 87·2)  
Rural Age** (Years)     
6 months<age< 1 187 90·1 (85·5 - 94·8) 90·9 (86·7 - 95·0)  
1≤ age < 2 345 87·5 (83·6 - 91·0) 90·1 (86·9 - 93·3)  
2≤ age < 3 316 86·2 (82·0 - 90·1) 86·4 (82·4 - 90·1) 0·015
3≤ age <4 282 82·6 (77·8 - 87·1) 82·3 (77·6 - 86·6)  
4≤ age <5 343 80·0 (75·4 - 84·4) 79·3 (74·9 - 63·6)  
< 2 848 88·4 (85·5-91·3) 90·4 (87·9 - 92·9) 0·006
2≤ age <5 625 82·8 (80·3-85·3) 82·6 (80·1 – 85·0)
Sex     
Male 745 86·3 (83·5 - 88·8) 86·7 (84·3 - 89·2) 0·108
Female 728 83·2 (80·3 - 86·1) 84·1 (81·4 - 86·7)
  1. *p-value shows the difference in prevalence across the various groups within each category.
  2. **only children aged from 6 months to below 5 years are included in the analysis.