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Table 3 Baseline measures and follow-up results for all outcome variables

From: Physical fitness and mental health impact of a sport-for-development intervention in a post-conflict setting: randomised controlled trial nested within an observational study of adolescents in Gulu, Uganda

Gender assessment time Multi-stage fitness test Standing broad jump BMI-for-age Depression-like syndrome Anxiety-like syndrome
(km/hr) (cm) (z-score) (score) (score)
Intervention group: crude mean (SD)
Boys n = 73 n = 73 n = 74 n = 74 n = 74
  Baseline 11.14 (0.97) 187.55 (20.85)* -0.65 (0.80) 21.20 (11.61)* 8.14 (4.50)
  Follow-up 11.46 (0.96)# 181.59 (21.12)# -0.74 (0.84) 24.35 (13.92) 8.73 (4.90)
Girls n = 81 n = 81 n = 81 n = 81 n = 81
  Baseline 10.10 (0.97)* 166.53 (17.74) -0.27 (0.86) 31.74 (13.97) 10.13 (4.66)
  Follow-up 10.43 (0.95)# 167.52 (17.39) -0.32 (0.75) 30.14 (14.16) 9.30 (4.68)
Wait-listed group: crude mean (SD)
Boys n = 72 n = 71 n = 72 n = 71 n = 71
  Baseline 11.10 (0.93) 184.21 (19.62) -0.64 (0.85) 24.79 (13.16) 9.01 (5.16)
  Follow-up 11.58 (0.94)# 186.55 (20.52) -0.71 (0.90) 18.63 (10.32)# 7.31 (3.71)#
Non-registered group: crude mean (SD)
Boys n = 470 n = 467 n = 472 n = 468 n = 468
  Baseline 10.96 (1.03) 181.80 (20.58)* -0.66 (0.90) 24.91 (12.27)* 8.77 (4.48)
  Follow-up 11.29 (1.08)# 181.68 (21.94) -0.67 (0.89) 22.96 (12.30)# 7.87 (4.34)#
Girls n = 750 n = 755 n = 763 n = 760 n = 760
  Baseline 9.70 (0.99)* 163.42 (17.53) -0.21 (0.90) 32.37 (14.66) 10.35 (4.74)
  Follow-up 10.19 (1.12)# 163.29 (19.31) -0.25 (0.88)# 30.38 (13.64)# 9.60 (4.23)#
  1. *Statistically significant between-group difference at baseline (p < 0.05).
  2. #Statistically significant within-group change (p < 0.05).