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Table 4 The relationship between individual- and neighborhood-level variables and screen time

From: A cross-sectional study of the environment, physical activity, and screen time among young children and their parents

  Bivariate model Multivariate model
  β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Child screen time†   
Socio-demographic   
 Child age (months) 0.10 (0.08, 0.11)* 0.10 (0.08, 0.11)*
 Child sex -0.76 (-1.39, -0.13)* -0.44 (-0.99, 0.12)
 Child care status -0.43 (-1.30, 0.43) -
 Family structure 0.22 (-0.49, 0.93) -
 Parental education -0.80 (-1.10, -0.51)* -0.76 (-1.03, -0.48)*
 Neighborhood SES (z-score) -0.42 (-0.73, -0.12)* -0.39 (-0.67, -0.11)*
Functional   
 Walkability (z-score) 0.01 (-0.38, 0.41) -
Safety   
 Road speed (%) 0.63 (-0.59, 1.86) -
Aesthetic   
 Streetscape (z-score) -0.00 (-0.32, 0.32) -
Destination   
 Outdoor play/activity space (z-score) 0.04 (-0.32, 0.40) -
 Recreation facilities (N per km2) 0.02 (-0.13, 0.17) -
 Distance to closest park (km) -0.04 (-0.09, 0.01) -
 Yard space at home (100 m2) 0.02 (-0.002, 0.03) -
Parent screen time†   
Socio-demographic   
 Child age (months) 0.01 (-0.01, 0.03) -
 Child sex 0.27 (-0.34, 0.91) -
 Parent sex 0.69 (-0.45, 1.83) -
 Child care status 0.66 (-0.22, 1.53) -
 Family structure -0.02 (-0.85, 0.81) -
 Parental education -0.30 (-0.62, 0.01) -
 Neighborhood SES (z-score) -0.65 (-0.96, -0.34)* -0.59 (-0.89, -0.28)*
Functional   
 Walkability (z-score) 0.04 (-0.02, 0.83) -
Safety   
 Road speed (%) 1.27 (-0.03, 2.58) -
Aesthetic   
 Streetscape (z-score) 0.05 (-0.31, 0.42) -
Destination   
 Outdoor play/activity space (z-score) 0.47 (0.10, 0.85)* 0.38 (0.06, 0.70)*
 Recreation facilities (N per km2) 0.14 (-0.02, 0.30) -
 Distance to closest park (km) -0.03 (-0.08, 0.02) -
 Yard space at home (100 m2) 0.01 (-0.01, 0.03) -
  1. β (95% CI) = unstandardized regression coefficients and 95% confidence intervals; †Square-root transformed.
  2. Child sex: 0 = male, 1 = female; parent sex: 0 = male, 1 = female; child care status: 0 = yes, 1 = no; family structure: 0 = two-parent family, 1 = one-parent family, ST = screen time; PA = physical activity; SES = socioeconomic status. Each variable in the multivariate models are adjusted for all other variables listed in that model; * P< 0.05.