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Table 5 Feeding factors associated with anemia in migrant and local children of Pinghu China*

From: Disparity of anemia prevalence and associated factors among rural to urban migrant and the local children under two years old: a population based cross-sectional study in Pinghu, China

   Migrant (N = 667) Local (N = 321)
   Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c
Age of child (months) 6~ 2.03(1.48, 2.80) 1.92(1.37, 2.69) 1.89(1.34, 2.67) 1.76(0.90, 3.46) 2.05(0.94, 4.44) 1.89(0.85, 4.19)
  12~ 1.69(1.20, 2.39) 1.72(1.21, 2.44) 1.66(1.17, 2.36) 1.52(0.76, 3.04) 1.63(0.78, 3.40) 1.68(0.80, 3.49)
  18 ~ 23 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Gender of child Boy 0.94(0.75, 1.18) 0.93(0.74, 1.16) 0.95(0.76, 1.19) 0.93(0.55, 1.57) 0.96(0.57, 1.62) 0.92(0.55, 1.56)
  Girl 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Education of mother Low 0.96(0.65, 1.43) 0.96(0.65, 1.42) 0.95(0.64, 1.40) 0.55(0.12, 2.63) 0.64(0.13, 3.10) 0.69(0.14, 3.34)
  Medium 1.05(0.77, 1.42) 1.08(0.79, 1.47) 1.00(0.74, 1.38) 0.78(0.43, 1.43) 0.78(0.42, 1.44) 0.75(0.41, 1.37)
  High 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Occupation of mother Not work for pay 1.32(1.03, 1.70) 1.24(0.96, 1.59) 1.31(1.02, 1.68) 1.55(0.89, 2.72) 1.50(0.85, 2.65) 1.52(0.87, 2.68)
  Employed 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Annual family income Poor 1.35(0.94, 1.95) 1.28(0.88, 1.85) 1.34(0.93, 1.94) 1.29(0.64, 2.59) 1.26(0.62, 2.54) 1.23(0.61, 2.47)
  Middle 1.05(0.72, 1.53) 1.02(0.77, 1.28) 1.05(0.72, 1.52) 0.79(0.42, 1.48) 0.77(0.40, 1.46) 0.75(0.39, 1.41)
  Rich 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Caregivers Parents only 1.02(0.79, 1.32) 0.99(0.77, 1.28) 1.00(0.77, 1.29) 0.75(0.26, 2.17) 0.71(0.24, 2.09) 0.71(0.25, 2.05)
  Parents & others 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Elder sibling/s Yes 1.47(1.16, 1.87) 1.40(1.10, 1.78) 1.47(1.15, 1.86) 2.58(1.37, 4.85) 2.60(1.37, 4.95) 2.47(1.30, 4.68)
  No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Timely child health care Yes   1.00(0.63, 1.59) 1.00(0.63, 1.59)   1.44(0.72, 2.88) 1.51(0.75, 3.03)
  No   1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0
Breastfeeding at 6 months Yes   1.57(1.15, 2.14)    1.58(0.86, 2.91)  
  No   1.0    1.0  
Iron Yes   0.68(0.50, 0.89)    1.78(0.23, 13.54)  
  No   1.0    1.0  
MDD Yes    0.87(0.67, 1.13)    1.12(0.49, 2.57)
  No    1.0    1.0
MMF Yes    0.85(0.65, 1.10)    0.54(0.28, 1.02)
  No    1.0    1.0
  1. *Estimated by using multiple Poisson regression, adjusted Prevalence Ratios (aPR) and its 95% CI presented.
  2. aModel 1, the association between age and sex of children; education level and occupation of mother; annual family income, family structure (caregiver/s), number of children (with or without sibling/s) and timely child health care were analyzed.
  3. bModel 2, the association between breastfeeding at 6 months, iron intake and anemia were analyzed, adjusted for age and sex of children; education level and occupation of mother; annual family income, family structure (caregiver/s), number of children (with or without sibling/s) and timely child health care.
  4. cModel 3, the association between MDD, MMF and anemia were analyzed, adjusted for age and sex of children; education level and occupation of mother; annual family income, family structure (caregiver/s), number of children (with or without sibling/s) and timely child health care.