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Table 2 Significant changes in median portion size (grams) of commonly consumed foods between 1995 and 2007

From: Food and beverage portion sizes in Australian children: a secondary analysis of 1995 and 2007 national data

Food 2-4 years 5-8 years 9-12 years 13-16 years 2-16 years
  Female Male Persons Female Male Persons Female Male Persons Female Male Persons Persons
Drinks              
Soft drink -45b -48c -44c - - - -50a - -23a - - - -
Water -320c -300c -312c -270c -250c -250c -450c -500c -500c -475c -450c -450c -250d
Fruit juice -62c -62c -62c 0↓b - 0↓a 0↓c - -21b -1a - -1a -3d
Tea/Coffee - - - - - -54a -14c -14b -14b -14c - -14b -14d
Dairy foods              
Whole milk -31b -29c -39c - - -17b - -1b -21a 77a - 0↑a -12.9d
Reduced fat milk 0↓a -125c -65c -39a -66c -25c -1a -23a -53b - - - -14.5d
Skim milk - - - - - - - -22a -65b - - - -73.3d
Flavored milk -67a - -45a - - -8b - - - - - - -24d
Ice cream -13b -14c -15c -37c -40c -36c - -34a - - -66b -16b -21a
Yoghurt cheese -25a - - - -42a -50a -107c -100b -100c - - - -50d
- 1a 0↑a 1b 1a 1c 1a - 0↑b 1a 9b 2c 1 d
Cheese spread -9b -8c -8c - - - - - - - - - -8d
Breads and cereals              
White bread -11b -12b -9c - - - - 0↓a - - - - -
Wholemeal Bread - - - - - - - - - 10a - 10a -
Mixed grain bread - - - - 22c 12a - - - 12a 0↑a 2a 8b
Breakfast cereal - - -4a - - - - -15a - - - - -6.5d
Hot porridge - -65b -70c - - - - - - - - - -135d
English muffins - - - - - - - - - - 34b 7b 5a
Rice - - - - - - -32a - 0↓a - - - -46b
Sweets and snacks              
Cake -5a - - - - - - - - 9a - - -
Sweet pastries - - - - - - -23a - - - - - -
Sweet biscuits - - - 6b - 4b - - - - - - -
Chocolate/Cream biscuits - - - - - - 9c - 3a - -7a -10b -
Muesli bars - - - - 0↑a 0↑a - - - - - - -
Main meals              
Mince - - - - - - - - 42a -58a - - -
Fresh cooked chicken - - - - - 5a - - 16a 34a -   8.5d
Mixed chicken dish - - - - - - - - -98a - - - 125d
Crumbed chicken - - - - - - - 58a 37a - 58c 28b 18b
Fresh cooked meat - - - - - - 28a 15b 23c - - - 8a
Fish 23c 22a 23c 11a 24b 13c - - - - - - 37.1b
Sausages - - - 0↓a - -1b - - - - - - -1b
Pizza - - - 44a - - - 47a - 69c 125c 83c 50d
Packaged snacks & other foods              
Chips (not potato) - -4a -3b - - - 16c - 16c - - - -
Potato crisps -5a -4a -4c -4c - -4c -4b -4a -4c -4a - -4b -4d
Chocolate -3a -5a -4b - - - - - - - - -10a -
Tomato sauce - - - - 5b 3b 2a - - 11c 0↑a 9c 2d
Lollies - - - - - - 2a - 1a - - - 1c
Ice block (creamy) - - - - - - -9b - -10b - - - -12.5d
Jam/Honey - - - - - - 5a - 3a 6b - 3b 4.0d
Peanut butter - - - - - - 2b 8c 3c - - - 2.5a
Luncheon meats 10a - - 11b - 10a 17a 7a 13c - - - -
Bacon/Ham 5b 7a 7c 9c 7a 6c 3b 4a 4c 5a - 3a 2.3d
Egg - - - - - - - - - - -24a - -7b
Fruit & vegetables              
Hot chips - -15b -15b -25c -23b -25c - -40c -24c - - - 0
Potato - - -2a -41a - -18b -16c -17a -14c - - - -30d
Green beans - - - - - - - - - - -21a - -
Peas -14a -8a -12c -20a -18b -20c -26b -19a -20c - -33a -12a -16.8d
Broccoli - -21b - - -19a - -35a - -2a - - -18a -15.8d
Carrot - - - -6a - - - -10a - - - - -0.2c
Cauliflower - - - - - - - 17a - - - - 9a
Corn - - - - - -17a - - - - - - -
Capsicum - - - - - - - 8a 7a - - - -
Eggplant/Zucchini - 12a - - - - - - - - - - -
Tomato - - - - - - - - - 15b - 12b 7.5b
Lettuce - -2a - - - - - - - 2c - 1a -
Onion - - - - - - - -8b -4b - -11b -9c -6. 2d
Canned fruit - - -50a - - - - - - - - - -55c
Apple - - - - - 21a - - - 26b 26c 26c 6a
Orange - - - - -45a -15a -30a - -15a - - -32a -15c
Banana 17a 4a 11b 25c 25c 25c - - 19a 15b 19b 19c 5d
Seasonal fruit              
Berries/Grapes - -27a - - - - - - - - - - -
Melon - -174a -75a - - - - - - - - - -
  1. Positive values imply that portion size increased across the time period whereas negative values imply a reduction in portion size of the given food occurred.
  2. - Indicates no significant change in portion size occurred.
  3. ap value <0.05.
  4. bp value <0.01.
  5. cp value <0.001.
  6. dp value <0.0001.
  7. 0 Change in median portion size was 0, however the Mann Whitney U test found a significant increase in portion size distributions in 2007, when compared to 1995.
  8. 0 Change in median portion size was 0, however the Mann Whitney U test found a significant reduction in portion size distributions in 2007, when compared to 1995.