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Table 5 Sibling and neighbor correlations inside and outside Winnipeg

From: Adolescent outcomes and opportunities in a Canadian province: looking at siblings and neighbors

  Winnipeg Outside Winnipeg
Variables N = 11,728 N = 17,944
Sibling correlations   
Continuous outcomes   
Language arts index 0.449 (0.429–0.469) 0.575 (0.561–0.589)
Health status (ADG morbidity score) 0.475 (0.455–0.495) 0.467 (0.451–0.483)
Hospital and physician costs 0.321 (0.298–0.344) 0.260 (0.241–0.279)
Binary outcomes   
Not in grade 12 at appropriate age 0.594 (0.560–0.628) 0.650 (0.627–0.673)
Teenage pregnancy* 0.467 (0.394–0.540) 0.576 (0.528–0.625)
Received income assistance (age 18–19) 0.637 (0.586–0.689) 0.651 (0.606–0.697)
Neighbor correlations (unadjusted)   
Continuous outcomes   
Language arts index 0.043 (0.017–0.069) 0.038 (0.017–0.059)
Health status 0.011 (-0.015–0.037) 0.019 (-0.002–0.040)
Hospital and physician costs 0.019 (-0.007–0.045) 0.037 (0.016–0.058)
Binary outcomes   
Not in grade 12 at appropriate age 0.316 (0.271–0.360) 0.316 (0.286–0.346)
Teenage pregnancy 0.186 (0.101–0.271) 0.368 (0.308–0.428)
Received income assistance (age 18–19) 0.331 (0.256–0.407) 0.350 (0.280–0.420)
Neighbor correlations (adjusted)   
Continuous outcomes   
Language arts index 0.016 (-0.010–0.042) 0.030 (0.009–0.050)
Health status 0.008 (-0.018–0.034) 0.011 (-0.010–0.032)
Hospital and physician costs 0.020 (0.000–0.040) 0.031 (0.011–0.052)
Binary outcomes   
Not in grade 12 at appropriate age 0.101 (0.045–0.158) 0.105 (0.069–0.140)
Teenage pregnancy 0.037 (-0.063–0.138) 0.120 (0.045–0.194)
Received income assistance (age 18–19) 0.083 (-0.022–0.189) 0.182 (0.089–0.226)
  1. The N refers to the number of individuals (twice the number of same-sex pairs matched with their neighbors) in the study sample. The N for “Teenage Pregnancy” is given in Table 4.
  2. Confidence intervals (95%) are in parentheses.
  3. Statistically significant differences: p < 0.01, *p < 0.05.