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Table 3 School-level correlates of active school transport, as observed in the school audit

From: A cross-sectional examination of socio-demographic and school-level correlates of children’s school travel mode in Ottawa, Canada

Variable Categories Frequency Percentage OR 95% CI p
Predominant land use around school* Residential 508 89.6 0.64 0.14-2.95 .643
Others 59 10.4 Reference
Place where parents can stop and drop children off* No 8 1.4 7.69 0.72-81.90 .091
Yes 559 98.6 Reference
Place where parents can park their cars* No 88 15.5 2.32 0.44-12.16 .319
Yes 479 84.5 Reference
Bus stop No 85 15.0 2.00 0.57-7.02 .276
Yes 482 85.0 Reference
Cycle lane separated from the road* No 567 100.0 N/A
Yes 0 0.0
Cycle lane on the road No 531 93.7 0.46 0.03-6.48 .556
Yes 36 6.3 Reference
Sidewalks on both sides No 93 16.4 3.07 0.85-11.04 .086
Yes 474 83.6 Reference
Sidewalks on one side only No 328 57.8 0.37 0.13-1.04 .060
Yes 239 42.2 Reference
Marked pedestrian crossing No 104 18.3 3.17 0.98-10.27 .054
Yes 463 81.7 Reference
Traffic calming measures No 333 58.7 4.05 1.52-10.79 .005
Yes 234 41.3 Reference
School warning sign for road users* No 11 1.9 1.12 0.07-19.16 .937
Yes 556 98.1 Reference
Road safety sign No 56 9.9 1.29 0.32-5.12 .722
Yes 501 90.1 Reference
Route sign for cyclists No 437 77.1 0.55 0.16-1.91 .345
Yes 130 22.9 Reference
Fast food restaurants No 352 62.1 0.41 0.14-1.20 .102
  Yes 215 37.9 Reference
  1. Note: Odds ratios for engaging in active transportation were estimated using generalized linear mixed models adjusted only for school clustering. *Denotes that fewer than 5 schools have one of the categories being compared; these results should be interpreted with caution. For all school audit items except land uses, the auditor was asked to specify if any of the items were visible from any school entrance. If any of the road segments observed had sidewalks on both sides, this item was coded as yes.