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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of Hombre Seguro participants by location: San Diego (n = 197) versus Tijuana (n = 203)

From: Hombre Seguro(Safe Men): a sexual risk reduction intervention for male clients of female sex workers

Variable Total (n = 400) San Diego(n = 197) Tijuana (n = 203) p**
Sociodemographics     
Age (years) 37 (30, 45) 38 (29, 45) 37 (30, 45) .75
Hispanic (v. non-Hispanic) 350 (87.5%) 153 (77.7%) 197 (97.0%) <.001
U.S.-born 82 (20.5%) 78 (39.6%) 4 (2.0%) <.001
Ever deported from U.S. 136 (34.0%) 23 (11.7%) 113 (55.7%) <.001
Married/common law 126 (31.5%) 44 (22.3%) 82 (40.4%) <.001
Has a wife, steady partner, or girlfriend 186 (46.5%) 83 (42.1%) 103 (50.7%) .08
Resides with spouse or steady partner 108 (27.0%) 41 (20.8%) 67 (33.0%) .006
# of years of education 9 (7, 12) 11 (8, 12) 9 (6, 11) <.001
Has children 276 (69.0%) 129 (65.5%) 147 (72.4%) .13
Employed 250 (62.5%) 133 (67.5%) 117 (57.6%) .04
Annual income 18 K (8 K, 30 K) 18 K (8.4 K, 30 K)   
Bisexual (v. Heterosexual) 44 (11.0%) 21 (10.7%) 23 (11.3%) .83
Jailed* 77 (19.3%) 31 (15.7%) 46 (22.7%) .08
Parole* 19 (4.8%) 13 (6.6%) 6 (3.0%) .09
Alcohol and Drug Risks     
AUDIT score ≥ 8 197 (49.3%) 101 (51.3%) 96 (47.3%) .43
Ever used any illicit drug 373 (93.3%) 187 (94.9%) 186 (91.6%) .19
Recently used any illicit drug* 321 (80.3%) 167 (84.8%) 154 (75.9%) .07
Sexual Risks     
Drunk during sex with a FSW*     
Never 167 (41.8%) 78 (39.6%) 89 (43.8%) .81
Once in a while 80 (20.0%) 41 (20.8%) 39 (19.2%)  
Fairly often 91 (22.8%) 45 (22.8%) 46 (22.7%)  
Very often 62 (15.5%) 33 (16.8%) 29 (14.3%)  
“High” on drugs during sex with a FSW*     
Never 100 (25.0%) 40 (20.3%) 60 (29.6%) .18
Once in a while 30 (7.5%) 15 (7.6%) 15 (7.4%)  
Fairly often 101 (25.3%) 51 (25.9%) 50 (24.6%)  
Very often 169 (42.3%) 91 (46.2%) 78 (38.4%)  
# Times had vaginal/anal sex with a FSW* 4.5 (2, 10) 6 (3, 11) 4 (2, 8) .67
# Unprotected vaginal/anal sex acts with a FSW* 3.0 (2, 7) 3 (2, 8) 3 (2, 6) .62
# Unprotected vaginal/anal sex acts with a spouse/steady partner*a 21.5 (8, 50) 30 (10, 60) 20 (7, 48) .27
# Unprotected vaginal/anal sex acts with non-commercial casual partners* 4 (2, 10) 4 (2, 10) 5 (2, 12) .96
HIV/STI Services and Laboratory Results     
Ever had an HIV test 180 (45.0%) 88 (44.7%) 92 (45.3%) .90
Tested positive for any STI 31 (7.8%) 17 (8.6%) 14 (6.9%) .52
Tested positive for Syphilis 12 (3.0%) 6 (3.0%) 6 (3.0%) .20
Tested positive for Gonorrhea 2 (<1%) 1 (0.5%) 1 (0.5%) .98
Tested positive for Chlamydia 19 (4.8%) 11 (5.6%) 8 (3.9%) .44
  1. Notes: *past four months;
  2. **Chi-square tests for categorical variables and t-tests for continuous variables.
  3. aamong those with a wife, steady partner, or girlfriend (n = 186).
  4. Numbers associated with continuous variables represent medians and interquartile ranges.