Skip to main content

Table 1 Basic characteristics of subjects (n = 2963)

From: Individualized and institutionalized residential place-based discrimination and self-rated health: a cross-sectional study of the working-age general population in Osaka city, Japan

   Subjects Individual-level place-based discrimination, yes Poor self-rated health
Characteristics   N (%) N (%) P for differencea N (%) P for differencea
Sex Male 1332 (45.0) 61 (4.6) <0.01 209 (15.7) <0.01
  Female 1631 (55.0) 130 (8.0)   195 (12.0)  
Age group 25-34 years 660 (22.3) 36 (5.5) 0.06 57 (8.6) <0.01
  35-44 years 820 (27.7) 50 (6.1)   94 (11.5)  
  45-54 years 680 (22.9) 59 (8.7)   107 (15.7)  
  55-65 years 803 (27.1) 46 (5.7)   146 (18.2)  
Perceived place-based discrimination No 2772 (93.6) NA   359 (13.0) <0.01
  Yes 191 (6.5) NA   45 (23.6)  
Working status Working 2294 (77.4) 141 (6.2) 0.47 249 (10.9) <0.01
  Not working 502 (17.0) 35 (7.0)   116 (23.1)  
  Unemployed 156 (5.3) 13 (8.3)   37 (23.7)  
  Missing 11 (0.4) NA   NA  
Housing tenure Home owner 1705 (57.5) 108 (6.3) 0.74 181 (10.6) <0.01
  Not home owner 1250 (42.2) 83 (6.6)   221 (17.7)  
  Missing 8 (0.3) NA   NA  
Education attainment High school or less 1311 (44.3) 102 (7.8) <0.01 232 (17.7) <0.01
  College or more 1646 (55.6) 89 (5.4)   171 (10.4)  
  Missing 6 (0.2) NA   NA  
Number of friends 0 284 (9.6) 8 (2.8) 0.02 72 (25.4) <0.01
  1-4 1171 (39.5) 72 (6.2)   175 (14.9)  
  5 or more 1480 (50.0) 107 (7.2)   153 (10.3)  
  Missing 28 (0.9) NA   NA  
Marital status Married 1750 (59.0) 97 (5.5) 0.02 199 (11.4) <0.01
  Not married 1213 (41.0) 94 (7.8)   205 (16.9)  
Poor self-rated health No 2559 (86.4) 146 (5.7) <0.01 NA  
  Yes 404 (13.6) 45 (11.1)   NA  
  1. Abbreviation: NA Not applicable.
  2. aCalculated by chi-squared tests.