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Table 6 Moderate depression (odds ratios; 95% CI) by study year, sex, and parents’ unemployment and education

From: Self-reported depression is increasing among socio-economically disadvantaged adolescents – repeated cross-sectional surveys from Finland from 2000 to 2011

  2000–2001 2002–2003 2004–2005 2006–2007 2008–2009 2010–2011
Parents’ education and employment OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Boys       
High education employed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
High education unemployed 1.50 (1.34-1.68) 1.61 (1.43-1.81) 1.81 (1.63-2.01) 2.10 (1.90-2.32) 1.92 (1.74-2.11) 1.76 (1.59-1.96)
Medium education employed 0.84 (0.75-0.94) 0.96 (0.86-1.08) 1.03 (0.93-1.15) 1.12 (1.01-1.24) 1.10 (0.99-1.22) 0.93 (0.83-1.05)
Medium education unemployed 1.34 (1.19-1.51) 1.56 (1.38-1.76) 1.54 (1.36-1.74) 1.88 (1.66-2.14) 1.59 (1.40-1.81) 1.73 (1.53-1.96)
Low education employed 0.99 (0.82-1.19) 1.22 (1.01-1.47) 1.19 (0.98-1.44) 1.58 (1.32-1.89) 1.66 (1.36-2.03) 1.21 (0.98-1.50)
Low education unemployed 1.50 (1.24-1.83) 2.61 (2.15-3.16) 1.73 (1.39-2.14) 3.13 (2.57-3.81) 2.81 (2.26-3.49) 1.92 (1.55-2.37)
N 47586 50774 53057 54315 54132 51116
Girls       
High education employed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
High education unemployed 1.58 (1.45-1.74) 1.66 (1.51-1.82) 1.57 (1.45-1.71) 1.92 (1.77-2.07) 1.68 (1.56-1.81) 1.68 (1.56-1.81)
Medium education employed 1.19 (1.11-1.29) 1.25 (1.16-1.35) 1.15 (1.07-1.23) 1.23 (1.15-1.31) 1.22 (1.14-1.31) 1.20 (1.11-1.29)
Medium education unemployed 1.82 (1.67-1.97) 1.83 (1.68-1.99) 1.87 (1.73-2.04) 1.99 (1.83-2.17) 2.00 (1.84-2.17) 1.94 (1.78-2.11)
Low education employed 1.44 (1.27-1.63) 1.44 (1.26-1.65) 1.46 (1.28-1.67) 1.42 (1.24-1.62) 1.60 (1.38-1.87) 1.50 (1.32-1.70)
Low education unemployed 2.04 (1.78-2.32) 2.31 (2.00-2.68) 2.28 (1.98-2.64) 2.15 (1.82-2.53) 2.26 (1.90-2.69) 2.64 (2.32-3.00)
N 47049 49236 51713 54005 54035 51066
  1. Reference group: employed parents with high education.