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Table 3 Maternal, household and community characteristics of boys (n = 189) and girls (n = 192), Agincourt 2007

From: Physical activity and sedentary behavior among adolescents in rural South Africa: levels, patterns and correlates

  Boys Girls
  n % n %
Maternal characteristics (2 years previously)
Age (years)     
 24–34 58 36.3 47 29.9
 35–49 69 46.3 92 58.6
 50+ 22 14.8 18 11.5
Education     
 No formal education 38 29.5 39 30.2
 Primary education 36 27.9 33 25.6
 Secondary education 46 35.7 51 39.5
 Higher than secondary 9 7.0 6 4.7
Nationality     
 South African 100 67.1 102 65
 Mozambican 49 32.9 55 35
Marital/union status     
 Currently in union 86 53.8 90 53.3
 Not in union 74 46.3 79 46.7
Co-residence with child     
 Alive, co-residing 134 83.8 137 81.1
 Alive, not co-residing 14 8.8 21 12.4
 Dead 12 7.5 11 6.5
Household characteristics (2 years previously)
Age of household head (years)     
 15–34 7 4.4 4 2.4
 35–49 65 40.6 68 40.2
 50+ 88 55 97 57.4
Sex of household head     
 Male 106 66.3 118 69.8
 Female 54 33.7 51 30.2
Household head education     
 No formal education 69 48.6 73 48.7
 Primary education 47 33.1 39 26
 Secondary education 25 17.6 33 22
 Higher than secondary 1 0.7 5 3.3
Household head relationship to child     
 Parent 99 62.7 107 63.3
 Grandparent 49 31.0 52 30.8
 Other 10 6.3 10 5.9
Enough food     
 Yes, food secure 127 81.4 138 82.6
 No, food insecure 29 18.6 29 17.4
SES (wealth index tertile)     
 Lowest 54 34.0 61 36.3
 Medium 60 37.7 49 29.2
 Highest 45 28.3 58 34.5
Community characteristics (2 years previously)
Area of residence     
 Predominantly South Africa 151 94.4 155 91.7
 Predominantly Mozambican 9 5.6 14 8.3