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Table 2 Maximum likelihood estimates from the growth curve models with random intercept and slope of depressive symptomatology in TLSA

From: The effects of mid-life socioeconomic disadvantage and perceived social support on trajectories of subsequent depressive symptoms among older Taiwanese women

  Negative affect Lack of positive affect
  Est. (β) S.E. Est. (β) S.E.
Mid-life socioeconomics     
Education attainment (ref = No formal education)     
  Formal education     
  1-6 years −1.21*** 0.38 −0.36§ 0.19
  7-9 years 0.47 0.64 0.18 0.32
  10 years and above −2.22*** 0.68 −0.50 0.34
  1-6 years*mean growth (β1) 0.04 0.03 −0.002 0.01
  7-9 years*mean growth (β1) −0.03 0.05 −0.05* 0.02
  10 years + *mean growth (β1) 0.09§ 0.06 −0.02 0.02
Adulthood major occupation (ref = Blue collar)     
  Higher white collar 0.21 0.38 0.14 0.15
  Medium-level 0.10 0.36 0.06 0.15
  Adulthood unemployed −0.27 0.26 −0.004 0.01
Employment status (ref = Housekeeper)     
  Full-time job −0.001 0.27 0.06 0.11
  No full-time job 0.70** 0.25 0.01 0.10
Economic strain 1.98*** 0.42 0.89*** 0.21
Economic strain*mean growth (β1) 0.002 0.03 −0.005 0.01
Life related buffer and stressor     
Positive perception of social support     
  Listening 0.07 0.45 −0.04 0.22
  Caring −1.74** 0.59 −0.67* 0.29
  Sick care −0.94§ 0.51 −0.63* 0.25
  Listening*mean growth (β1) −0.03 0.03 −0.01 0.02
  Caring*mean growth (β1) 0.10* 0.04 0.02 0.02
  Sick care*mean growth (β1) −0.02 0.04 0.02 0.02
Symptom level, intercept (β0) 5.07*** 0.61 3.07*** 0.30
Mean growth rate, linear (β1) 0.01 0.04 −0.03 0.02
Random effects     
Variance in random intercept 3.15*** 1.47 0.93*** 0.32
Variance in random linear slope 0.01 0.01 0.001 0.002
Variance in residuals 13.53*** 0.43 3.71*** 0.11
  1. § p < 0.1, *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.
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