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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants at South Wollo Zone hospitals, Northeast Ethiopia, 2013 (n = 440)

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and its associated factors among children at South Wollo Zone Hospitals, Northeast Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency Percentage
Sex of caregiver
 Male 159 36.1
 Female 281 63.9
Age of caregiver (in years)
 <20 16 3.6
 21-30 118 26.8
 31-40 162 36.8
 ≥41 143 32.6
Ethnicity
 Amhara 409 93.0
 Tigire 18 4.1
 Oromo 10 2.3
 Others* 3 0.7
Marital status
 Single 60 13.6
 Married 240 54.5
 Divorced 70 15.9
 Widowed 70 15.9
Religion   
 Muslim 245 55.7
 Orthodox Christian 182 41.4
 Protestant 13 3.0
Educational status of the caregiver
 Can’t read and write 223 50.7
 Primary school(1–8 grade) 116 26.4
 Secondary or above 101 23.0
Substance use of caregivers
 User 44 10.0
 Non-user 396 90.0
Caregivers income (Ethiopian Birr)
 <=300 46 10.5
 300-999 237 53.9
 ≥1000 157 35.7
Occupation
 Merchant 106 24.1
 House wife 90 20.5
 Farmer 165 37.5
 Government employee 65 14.8
 Other** 14 3.2
Age of children (in years)
 <4 34 7.7
 5-9 156 37.5
 10-14 241 54.8
Sex of children
 Male 210 47.7
 Female 230 52.3
Children’s caregiver
 Biological parents 343 78.0
 Other relatives and guardian 97 22.1
WHO Clinical stage
 Stage I 60 13.6
 Stage II 214 48.6
 Stage III 161 36.6
 Stage IV 5 1.1
Baseline CD4 count
 <200 159 36.1
 200-499 224 50.9
 ≥500 57 13.0
Current CD4 count
 <200 6 1.4
 200-499 187 42.5
 ≥500 247 56.1
  1. *Gurage, Afar **Students, daily laborers.