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Table 4 Odds ratio of socioeconomic status in childhood and covariates for generalized anxiety disorder by discrete-time survival analysis, men

From: Association of socioeconomic status in childhood with major depression and generalized anxiety disorder: results from the World Mental Health Japan survey 2002–2006

    Model 1 (univariate, adjusted for age) Model 2 (+childhood characteristics) Model 3 (+SES in adult)
    OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
SES in childhood Parental education 0-11 years ref   ref   ref  
   12 years 5.63 (1.16-27.41) 5.63 (1.15-27.47) 4.24 * (0.96-18.74)
   13+ years 8.47 (1.87-38.37) 8.55 (1.84-39.72) 6.84 (1.62-28.94)
   Unknown 1.70 (0.40-7.20) 1.70 (0.40-7.20) 1.80 (0.42-7.72)
Childhood characteristics Parental mental illness Yes    1.15 (0.14-9.17) 1.11 (0.14-8.73)
   No    ref   ref  
  Physical illness Yes    0.50 (0.07-3.69) 0.45 (0.06-3.37)
   No    ref   ref  
SES in adult Education 0-11 years      ref  
   12 years      3.74 (0.62-22.49)
   13-15 years      2.85 (0.39-20.85)
   16+ years      3.54 (0.63-19.96)
  Annual household income <3 million yen      ref  
   3- < 10 million yen      1.02 (0.29-3.62)
   10+ million yen      0.95 (0.20-4.51)
  1. Age was adjusted for all analysis. *p = 0.057. Values in bold are significant at the p = 0.05 level.