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Table 4 Results of logistic regression analysis of elderly who experience any abuse or violence after turning age 60 years, India, 2011

From: Abuse against elderly in India – The role of education

Characteristics of elderly/elderly households Odds ratio SE P-value
Constant 0.197* 0.265 0.000
Age group (Ref: 60–69)    
70+ 1.137 0.082 0.117
Sex (Ref: Male)    
Female 1.007 0.112 0.952
Marital status (Ref: Currently married)    
Widowed 1.281* 0.093 0.008
Others 3.135* 0.248 0.000
Caste/tribe (Ref: Forward caste)    
SC/ST 0.787* 0.094 0.011
Other backward caste 0.739* 0.098 0.002
Education (Ref: Illiterate)    
1–4 yrs 1.031 0.112 0.786
5–7 yrs 0.863 0.120 0.219
8+ yrs 0.480* 0.126 0.000
Employment (Ref: Never worked)    
Worked earlier 1.298 0.115 0.023
Currently working 1.634* 0.126 0.000
Wealth index square 1.064 0.036 0.088
Ownership of land (Ref: No land)    
Yes 0.709* 0.090 0.000
Place of residence (Ref: Rural)    
Urban 0.692* 0.083 0.000
No. of members in HH (Ref: One member)    
2 member 0.616* 0.180 0.007
3+ member 0.431* 0.160 0.000
No. of children alive (Ref Less than or equal to 2)    
3–4 1.413* 0.090 0.000
5+ 1.584* 0.102 0.000
Cognitive score (Ref: Less than or equal to two words)    
Medium (3/5 words) 0.985 0.108 0.886
High (6/10 words) 0.998 0.138 0.988
States (Ref: Himachal Pradesh)    
Punjab 0.709* 0.090 0.000
West Bengal 0.933 0.137 0.615
Odisha 0.655* 0.150 0.005
Maharashtra 0.743 0.149 0.045
Kerala 4.126* 0.121 0.000
Tamil Nadu 0.348* 0.194 0.000
Log Likelihood square 5167.61
  1. Note: *Significant at less than the 0.01 level.