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Table 4 Association between stress-driven eating behaviour, consumption of sweet or salty snack-type foods and beverages and other health behaviours

From: Stress-related eating, obesity and associated behavioural traits in adolescents: a prospective population-based cohort study

Food or beverage Amount or frequency Girls Boys
   Non-stress-driven eaters n (%) Stress-driven eaters n (%) p2-test) Non-stress-driven eaters n (%) Stress-driven eaters n (%) p2-test)
Sausages and frankfurters Once a week or less often 1692 (84.2) 1278 (83.6)   1890 (69.3) 313 (63.7)  
  Twice a week or more often 317 (15.8) 251 (16.4) 0.611 838 (30.7) 178 (36.3) 0.018
Hamburgers and pizzas Twice a week or less often 1959 (97.5) 1480 (96.9)   2519 (92.4) 438 (89.0)  
  3–5 times a week or more often 50 (2.5) 48 (3.1) 0.256 208 (7.6) 54 (11.0) 0.015
Chocolate Twice a week or less often 1788 (89.0) 1303 (85.2)   2482 (91.2) 433 (88.0)  
  3–5 times a week or more often 221 (11.0) 227 (14.8) 0.001 239 (8.8) 59 (12.0) 0.028
Sweets Twice a week or less often 1481 (74.0) 1019 (67.0)   2105 (77.6) 357 (72.7)  
  3-5 times a week or more often 520 (26.0) 503 (33.0) <0.001 607 (22.4) 134 (27.3) 0.020
Ice cream Twice a week or less often 1509 (75.0) 1115 (73.0)   2054 (75.2) 363 (74.2)  
  3–5 times a week or more often 503 (25.0) 413 (27.0) 0.175 676 (24.8) 126 (25.8) 0.650
Sugar-free soft drinks (light sodas) Twice a week or less often 1805 (90.2) 1336 (88.0)   2456 (90.5) 435 (88.6)  
  3–5 times a week or more often 197 (9.8) 182 (12.0) 0.042 259 (9.5) 56 (11.4) 0.216
Sugar-sweetened soft drinks Twice a week or less often 1552 (77.2) 1173 (76.8)   1799 (66.0) 302 (61.5)  
  3–5 times a week or more often 459 (22.8) 354 (23.2) 0.809 925 (34.0) 189 (38.5) 0.057
Alcoholic beverages Never 1047 (51.9) 615 (40.2)   1565 (57.1) 267 (54.0)  
  Randomly 544 (26.9) 439 (28.7)   666 (24.3) 115 (23.3)  
  Once a month or more often 428 (21.2) 475 (31.1) <0.001 511 (18.6) 112 (22.7) 0.111
Physical activity <2 hours a week 796 (39.7) 637 (41.9)   852 (31.3) 152 (31.0)  
  2–3 hours a week 613 (30.6) 440 (28.9)   627 (23.0) 116 (23.6)  
  >3 hours a week 596 (29.7) 444 (29.2) 0.391 1246 (45.7) 223 (45.4) 0.956
Tobacco use Never smoked or taken snuff 758 (37.5) 417 (27.2)   1015 (37.2) 166 (33.6)  
  Experimental or occasional use of cigarettes or snuff 763 (37.8) 657 (42.9)   1058 (38.7) 198 (40.1)  
  Smoking or taking snuff regularly 499 (24.7) 458 (29.9) <0.001 658 (24.1) 130 (26.3) 0.288
Sleeping <8 hours per night 450 (22.4) 410 (26.8)   446 (16.4) 92 (18.9)  
  8–9 hours per night 1344 (66.9) 966 (63.1)   1813 (66.8) 312 (63.9)  
  >9 hours per night 215 (10.7) 154 (10.1) 0.010 457 (16.8) 84 (17.2) 0.370
Binge eating Never - occasionally 1914 (94.8) 1316 (85.8)   2513 (91.3) 395 (79.6)  
  Once a month - daily 104 (5.2) 218 (14.2) <0.001 239 (8.7) 101 (20.4) <0.001
Strict diet to control weight Never 1544 (76.7) 928 (61.0)   2487 (91.3) 399 (83.1)  
  Occasionally or often 469 (23.3) 594 (39.0) <0.001 237 (8.7) 81 (16.9) <0.001
Heavy exercise to control weight Never 1284 (64.0) 738 (48.6)   1963 (71.8) 286 (58.5)  
  Occasionally or often 723 (36.0) 781 (51.4) <0.001 770 (28.2) 203 (41.5) <0.001
Eating meals with family Daily or almost daily 1342 (66.6) 918 (59.8)   2059 (75.4) 361 (73.2)  
  A few times a week or less often 674 (33.4) 616 (40.2) <0.001 672 (24.6) 132 (26.8) 0.309