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Table 1 Socio-demographic and health characteristics of pre-diabetes patients (n = 268)

From: The health-related quality of life among pre-diabetics and its association with body mass index and physical activity in a semi-urban community in Malaysia- a cross sectional study

Characteristics n (%)
Age in years, mean (SD) 52.5 (8.3)
Gender  
 Male 96 (35.8)
 Female 172 (64.2)
Ethnicity  
 Malay 223 (83.2)
 Indian 23 (8.6)
 Chinese 22 (8.2)
Marital status  
 Unmarried/divorced/widowed 33 (12.3)
 Married 235 (87.7)
Education level  
 Primary 50 (18.7)
 Secondary 174 (64.9)
 Tertiary 44 (16.4)
Employment status  
 Unemployed/retired/homemaker 145 (54.1)
 Employed 123 (45.9)
Monthly household income  
 Low (MYR <1500) 123 (45.9)
 Moderate (MYR 1501-3500) 95 (35.4)
 High (MYR > 3500) 50 (18.7)
Family history of diabetes  
 No 125 (46.6)
 Yes 143 (53.4)
Diagnosis of prediabetes  
 IFG 126 (47.0)
 IGT 29 (10.8)
 Both 113 (42.2)
Co-morbidities  
 No reported co-morbidities 32 (11.9)
 Hypertension 126 (47.0)
 Dyslipidemia 13 (4.9)
 Hypertension, Dyslipidemia & Muskuloskeletal disease 97 (36.2)
Body Mass Index (BMI)  
 BMI in kg/m2, mean (SD) 30.1(4.8)
 Normal weight (18.5 – 22.9 kg/m2) 19 (7.1)
 Overweight (23.0 - 27.4 kg/m2) 58 (21.6)
 Obese (≥ 27.5 kg/m2) 191 (71.3)
Smoking  
 No 226 (84.3)
 Yes 42 (15.7)
Alcohol  
 No 247 (92.2)
 Yes 21 (7.8)
Physical Activity (PA)  
 Total MET-minutes/week, mean (SD) 625.3 (480.8)
 Non-active 163 (60.8)
 Active 105 (39.2)
  1. Notes: Data are presented as mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables and frequency (%) for categorical variables.
  2. IFG: Impaired Fasting Glucose, IGT: Impaired Glucose Tolerance. MYR: Malaysian Ringgit. Classification from Department of Statistics Malaysia (currency conversion: 1.00 USD = MYR 3.07).
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