Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Change in substance use among overdose education and naloxone distribution program participants between first and second enrollment- number of days and substances used, past 30 days

From: Overdose rescues by trained and untrained participants and change in opioid use among substance-using participants in overdose education and naloxone distribution programs: a retrospective cohort study

N = 325 Increased Decreased No change p-value*
Heroin 115 (35%) 122 (38%) 88 (27%) 0.52
Methadone 84 (26%) 70 (22%) 171 (52%) 0.72
Buprenorphine 73 (22%) 66 (20%) 186 (58%) 0.31
Other opioids 59 (18%) 62 (19%) 205 (63%) 0.51
Cocaine 83 (26%) 96 (30%) 146 (44%) 0.41
Alcohol 69 (21%) 70 (22%) 186 (57%) 0.86
Benzo/Barbiturate 99 (30%) 74 (23%) 152 (47%) 0.004
Number of substances** used 131 (40%) 125 (38%) 69 (21%) 0.65
  1. *Wilcoxon signed rank test which compares the median difference between two repeated measures among the repeat enrollers.
  2. **Participants were asked about use of heroin, methadone, buprenorphine, other opioids, cocaine, alcohol, benzodiazepine/barbiturate and methamphetamine.