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Table 2 Bivariate analyses of sociodemographic factors, psychosocial factors, alcohol risk consumption, and exposure to physical violence in relation to poor self rated psychological health

From: Experience of physical violence and mental health among young men and women: a population-based study in Sweden

  Men Women
  % OR (95% CI) % OR (95% CI)
Age     
18-24 19.6 1.00 31.9 1.00
25-34 18.3 0.92 (0.78–1.09) 24.9 0.70 (0.61–0.81)
Country of origin     
Sweden 18.1 1.00 27.2 1.00
Other Nordic countries 16.3 0.85 (0.47–1.53) 25.8 0.93 (0.59–1.47)
The rest of Europe 20.9 1.20 (0.91–1.60) 30.8 1.19 (0.93–1.52)
Outside Europe 26.3 1.62 (1.21–2.17) 30.9 1.20 (0.94–1.53)
Socioeconomic status     
Higher non–manual 20.3 1.00 23.2 1.00
Medium non–manual 14.7 0.68 (0.46–1.00) 22.9 0.98 (0.70–1.38)
Lower non–manual 15.4 0.72 (0.44–1.18) 26.9 1.21 (0.84–1.74)
Skilled manual 12.1 0.54 (0.36–0.80) 22.6 0.96 (0.66–1.39)
Unskilled manual 14.2 0.65 (0.46–0.93) 27.2 1.24 (0.89–1.71)
Self–employed/farmer 13.5 0.61 (0.35–1.07) 27.2 1.23 (0.72–2.10)
Early retired 16.7 0.85 (0.20–3.69) 55.0 4.14 (1.66–10.37)
Unemployed 37.0 2.30 (1.56–3.38) 45.6 2.76 (1.92–3.97)
Student 21.4 1.06 (0.77–1.47) 28.7 1.33 (0.98–1.80)
Unclassified 21.1 1.05 (0.74–1.48) 23.5 1.02 (0.71–1.46)
Long term sick leave 45.5 3.11 (1.27–7.61) 74.4 9.28 (4.35–19.82)
Economic stress     
Never 16.4 1.00 23.2 1.00
Occasionally 19.2 1.22 (0.98–1.51) 31.2 1.50 (1.28–1.77)
Half the year 38.4 3.19 (2.28–4.45) 43.8 2.60 (1.98–3.42)
Every month 42.7 3.80 (2.65–5.45) 49.5 3.28 (2.46–4.38)
Alcohol risk consumption     
No 19.5 1.00 25.8 1.00
Yes 17.5 0.87 (0.73–1.04) 34.1 1.49 (1.27–1.75)
Emotional support     
High 13.9 1.00 21.5 1.00
Low 29.2 2.55 (2.16–3.02) 45.4 3.03 (2.61–3.51)
Instrumental support     
High 16.2 1.00 23.4 1.00
Low 29.0 2.10 (1.75–2.53) 45.0 2.68 (2.29–3.15)
Trust (horizontal)     
High 15.0 1.00 21.1 1.00
Low 24.1 1.80 (1.52–2.12) 35.6 2.08 (1.81–2.39)
Experience of physical violence during the past year     
No 18.8 1.00 26.5 1.00
Yes 20.7 1.13 (0.86–1.47) 50.5 2.81 (2.12–3.72)
  1. Prevalences (%) and odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) in bivariate analyses of poor self rated psychological health according to age, country of origin, socioeconomic status, economic stress, alcohol risk consumption, emotional support, instrumental support, trust and experience of physical violence during the past year. Men (n = 2,624) and women (n = 3,569) aged 18–34 years. The public health survey in Skåne 2008.