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Table 1 Frequency distribution and bivariate Cox regression analysis of the association between demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle variables and death of PLHIV complaining of cough, Recife, 2010

From: Empirical treatment for TB in HIV: lessons from a cohort study of people living with HIV treated in Recife, Brazil

  N (%) HR (CI 95%) P value Proportionality test
     p value
Demographic variables     
Sex     
Female 327 (40.9) 1.0   
Males 473 (59.1) 1.62 (1.0 – 2.5) 0.031 0.3761
Age     
Age groups     
< 40 years 437 (54.6) 1.0   
≥ 40 years 363 (45.4) 0.91 (0.6 – 1.4) 0.643 0.1676
Socioeconomic variables     
Literate     
Yes 678 (85.4) 1.0   
No 116 (14.6) 1.4 (0.8 – 2.3) 0.198 0.7981
Individual monthly income (MW)     
≥ 1 374 (47.5) 1.0   
< 1 413 (52.5) 1.1 (0.9 – 1.4) 0.272 0.2641
Employment     
Yes 191 (24.2) 1.0   
No 599 (75.8) 2.4 (1.3 – 4.6) 0.006 0.6009
Lifestyle variables     
Alcohol consumption     
Abstainer 497 (63.3) 1.0 0.003  
Light drinker 189 (24.1) 0.4 (0.2 - 0.7)   
Heavy drinker 99 (12.6) 0.6 (0.3 - 1.2) 0.193 0.3628
Smoking status     
Never smoker 296 (37.1) 1.0   
Former smoker 180 (22.6) 0.6 (0.3 - 1.2) 0.159 0.3839
Current smoker 322 (40.4) 1.4 (0.9 - 2.1) 0.170  
Illicit drug use     
Never 553 (69.5) 1.0   
Past or current 243 (30.5) 1.0 (0.6 - 1.5) 0.904 0.2202