Skip to main content

Table 1 Alcohol use, adherence and health-related quality of life during ART

From: Associations between alcohol use disorders and adherence to antiretroviral treatment and quality of life amongst people living with HIV/AIDS

  All Duration of ART
Not-yet <=1 year 1; <=2 year 2; <=4 year 4; <=7 year
1. AUD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
AUDIT-C Score 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.3 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.5
  N % N % N % N % N % N %
At-risk drinking 306 30.1 46 40.4 70 35.7 43 29.9 67 24.8 80 27.4
Binge drinking 227 22.3 28 24.6 40 20.4 33 22.9 65 24.1 61 20.9
2. HRQOL Domain scores AUD   Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Performance No   12.8*** 2.2 12.3** 2.5 12.8** 2.1 13.2*** 2.3 13.0*** 2.2
  Yes   11.6 1.9 11.5 2.4 12.0 2.1 12.2 2.3 12.2 2.1
Physical No   13.8** 2.8 12.7** 3.3 13.9** 2.8 13.8** 2.7 13.7*** 3.0
  Yes   12.5 3.4 11.8 3.2 12.8 3.3 12.9 3.7 12.5 2.9
Morbidity No   12.5 3.9 12.3 3.3 12.6 3.1 12.9 3.7 13.2* 3.6
  Yes   12.5 3.7 12.2 3.4 12.9 3.3 13.1 3.5 12.6 3.5
Social No   12.0*** 2.9 11.0* 3.4 11.6** 3.4 11.6*** 3.4 11.4* 3.3
  Yes   10.3 3.2 10.3 3.1 10.3 3.4 10.4 3.2 10.8 3.2
Spirituality No   12.9*** 2.9 12.5*** 2.9 13.1*** 2.8 13.1** 2.7 13.2*** 2.8
  Yes   11.3 2.9 11.2 2.7 11.7 2.9 12.1 3.5 11.9 2.6
Environment No   14.2*** 2.5 13.6*** 2.8 14.7*** 2.5 14.4*** 2.7 14.2*** 2.6
  Yes   12.6 3.3 12.4 2.8 12.7 2.9 13.0 3.4 13.2 2.9
3. ART Adherence AUD     Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Mean VAS score No     94.9 8.5 95.3*** 7.7 94.9 7.9 96.6*** 4.8
  Yes     94.1 8.5 90.3 11.6 93.8 8.0 92.1 10.3
% Non-adherence      N % N % N % N %
  No     23 21.3 18 19.2*** 48 24.0 34 16.4***
  Yes     17 28.3 19 44.2 19 28.4 26 32.5
  1. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1 (Student-t test were used for comparing 2 means. Chi square tests were used for comparing 2 proportions).