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Table 1 Demographic, cardiovascular and health variables for MSLS (n = 673) and ORISCAV-LUX (n = 1145) participants

From: Cardiovascular health: a cross-national comparison between the Maine Syracuse Study (Central New York, USA) and ORISCAV-LUX (Luxembourg)

Variable Central New York MSLS Luxembourg ORISCAV-LUX p-value
  M or % SD M or % SD  
Age, yrs 55.5 8.7 47.9 10.7 <0.001
Gender      0.001
 Males 41.0   48.8   
 Females 59.0   51.2   
Education      <0.001
 Primary 5.4   26.8   
 Secondary 40.1   46.7   
 Tertiary 54.5   26.5   
Income1      <0.001
 Q1 (< 30 000) 23.8   17.8   
 Q2 (30 000 to 60 000) 37.6   51.0   
 Q3 (60 000–120 000) 35.3   25.8   
 Q4 (>120 000) 3.3   5.4   
Race      <0.001
 Caucasian 90.3   95.5   
 Other 9.7   4.5   
Cardiovascular Health metrics      
 Smoking, no cigarettes per day (all) 1.7 5.7 2.7 7.2 0.002
 Smoking, no cigarettes per day (smokers) 13.0 10.2 14.6 10.3 0.23
 BMI, kg/m2 29.9 6.3 27.1 4.9 <0.001
 Physical activity, mins/wk2 273 345 778 936 <0.001
 Total cholesterol, mg/dl 203.6 39.8 206.3 39.7 0.17
 Systolic BP, mm Hg 126.8 20.7 131.6 18.2 <0.001
 Diastolic BP, mm Hg 70.8 10.2 83.8 10.9 <0.001
 Fasting blood glucose, mg/dl 98.4 28.9 94.5 18.6 <0.001
 RFS, 0-183 9.2 2.8 10.8 2.8 <0.001
 non-RFS, 0-134 3.3 1.6 3.0 1.6 <0.001
Total CHS, 0-8 3.8 1.6 4.2 1.6 <0.001
Proportion of sample with CHS 0/8 0.7   0.3   0.25
Proportion of sample with CHS 8/8 0.4   1.0   0.17
Other health measures      
 Height, cm 168.7 9.8 169.4 9.8 0.13
 Weight, kg 85.3 20.2 78.1 16.5 <0.001
 Waist circumference, cm 95.6 15.6 91.4 13.5 <0.001
 Hip circumference, cm 109.2 12.5 101.6 9.5 <0.001
 Waist:hip 0.87 0.09 0.90 0.09 <0.001
 CRP, mg/dL 0.41 0.46 0.27 0.48 <0.001
 Alcohol intake, standard drinks/d 0.5 1.0 1.3 1.3 <0.001
 Obese, BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 42.1   25.5   <0.001
 Diabetes5 10.7   5.8   <0.001
 Treated participants with diabetes 79.2   65.2   0.07
 Treated diabetes: fasting blood glucose, mg/dl 156.3 65.3 152.7 45.4 0.76
 Untreated diabetes: fasting blood glucose, mg/dl 143.7 21.3 138.4 15.1 0.37
 Hypertension6 54.8   43.3   <0.001
 Treated participants with hypertension 84.3   37.7   <0.001
 Treated hypertension: systolic BP, mm Hg 134.4 20.1 145.4 18.7 <0.001
 Treated hypertension: diastolic BP, mm Hg 73.4 9.4 89.2 11.3 <0.001
 Untreated hypertension: systolic BP, mm Hg 152.3 13.1 146.0 14.9 0.003
 Untreated hypertension: diastolic BP, mm Hg 81.2 11.1 93.5 8.5 <0.001
 CVD7 11.3   4.0   <0.001
  1. 1US $ or euros per year.
  2. 2Includes moderate and vigorous physical activity.
  3. 3Higher scores indicate higher intake of recommended foods.
  4. 4Higher scores indicate higher intake of non-recommended foods.
  5. 5Fasting plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL or taking anti-diabetic medication.
  6. 6Had systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg or taking anti-hypertensive medication.
  7. 7Includes myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, heart failure, angina pectoris, transient ischemic attack.