Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors inhibiting vaccination by coverage area: 10 departments of Guatemala, May 2011

From: From the parents’ perspective: a user-satisfaction survey of immunization services in Guatemala

Factors inhibiting vaccination (% of participants agreeing with statement) Total (n = 1194) no. (%) Department type
   Low-coverage (n = 632) no. (%) High-coverage (n = 562) no. (%) Chi-square (p value)a
Structural     
  I have been denied service due to the lack of vaccine 78 (6.5) 46 (7.3) 32 (5.7) 0.269
  I have been denied service due to the lack of medical personnel or attention 39 (3.3) 22 (3.5) 17 (3.0) 0.780
  I live >3 km from a vaccination site 323 (27.1) 188 (29.7) 135 (24.0) 0.026
Quality of service     
  I typically wait >2 hours to vaccinate my childb 164 (13.7) 102 (16.3) 60 (10.8) 0.006
  Upon having my child vaccinated, I receive some form of advice from health workersb 861 (72.9) 464 (74.1) 397 (71.5) 0.318
  Health workers inform me of the risk of adverse eventsb 560 (47.4) 303 (48.4) 257 (46.3) 0.471
  Health workers tell me my child’s next vaccination appointmentb 382 (32.3) 207 (33.1) 175 (31.5) 0.573
  Health workers tell me how many doses are required for vaccines to be effectiveb 581 (49.2) 328 (52.4) 253 (45.6) 0.019
Communication     
  I lack information on why vaccination is necessaryc 1073 (89.9) 574 (90.8) 499 (88.8) 0.245
  I do NOT know or believe that vaccination services are available year-roundd 401 (33.6) 180 (28.5) 221 (39.4) <0.001
  I have NOT heard information about immunization campaigns 616 (51.6) 305 (48.3) 311 (55.3) 0.015
  1. aChi-square tests were performed to compare characteristics in high- and low-coverage areas. Statistically significant values (p < 0.05) are bolded.
  2. bThirteen participants did not respond and were excluded. Percentages are based on the number of participants in low- and high-coverage areas (626 and 555, respectively).
  3. cTotal includes respondents who agreed, somewhat agreed, and strongly agreed with the statement; respondents who disagreed or did not respond were excluded.
  4. dTotal includes respondents who answered the question “no” as well as those who did not respond or said they did not know.