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Table 2 Characteristics of Mexican Americans with diabetes by depression and anxiety status

From: The association of depression and anxiety with glycemic control among Mexican Americans with diabetes living near the U.S.-Mexico border

  Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) Zung Self-Rated Anxiety Scale (SAS)
  Non-depressed (score < 16; n = 345) Depressed (score ≥ 16; n = 141) p Non-anxious (score < 45; n = 362) Anxious (Score ≥ 45; n = 124) p
Age (years) 49.79 (14.66) 55.10 (13.97) <.001 50.15 (14.69) 54.97 (13.80) .001
Gender (% female) 59.7 77.3 <.001 61.3 76.6 .002
Education (years) 9.62 (5.13) 7.96 (5.24) .001 9.54 (5.27) 7.90 (4.88) .002
Birth Country (% Mexico) 64.6 70.2 .238 63.8 73.4 .052
Assessment Language (% Spanish) 76.5 81.6 .224 75.1 86.3 .010
BMI 32.73 (7.58) 34.44 (8.17) .029 32.50 (6.99) 35.45 (9.41) <.001
BMI ≥ 30 (% obese) 63.2 72.1 .059 64.9 69.1 .396
Waist Circumference (cm) 106.86 (16.69) 111.12 (17.17) .012 106.40 (15.65) 113.19 (19.31) <.001
Physical Activity (Metabolic Equivalents) 1124.91 (3470.5) 361.0 (961.0) .023 1061.6 (3145.2) 502.4 (2583.5) .101
Not Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines (%) 74.7 81.1 .175 72.1 88.7 .001
Told by a doctor that you have Diabetes? (% yes) 52.2 71.6 <.001 52.8 72.6 <.001
Taking any medications for Diabetes? (% yes) 47.0 60.3 .008 45.9 65.3 <.001
Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dl) 151.86 (67.57) 162.48 (75.04) .129 151.74 (67.23) 164.40 (76.62) .082
HbA1c 8.2 (2.3) 8.3 (2.5) .684 8.1 (2.3) 8.5 (2.5) .118
HbA1c ≥ 6.5 (%) 86.5 83.2 .407 85.2 86.7 .733
  1. Note: Means (standard deviations) are presented unless otherwise specified. The number of participants represented in each row may be lower than the numbers indicated at the top of column when there are missing data for the specific variable.