Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations between routine use of modern contraceptive method and related factors: Multivariate logistic regression showing adjusted odds ratio’s (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals [95% CI]

From: Family planning practice and predictors of risk of inconsistent condom use among HIV-positive women on anti-retroviral therapy in Cambodia

Variables Using modern contraceptives every time p value Adjusted odds ratio
Total (n=238) [%] Yes (n=179) [75.2%] No (n=59) [24.8%] Model 1: women status Model 2: all variables
Socioeconomic variables       
  Age (median: 37 years)       
    <37 138[58.0] 103[74.6] 35[25.4] 0.810
    ≥37 100[42.0] 76[76.0] 24[24.0]  
  Education       
    Less than primary 189[80.1] 140[74.1] 49[25.9] 0.510
    Secondary or Higher 47[19.9] 37[78.7] 10[21.3]  
  Duration of ART (median: 32 months)       
    <32 48.5 86[75.4] 28[24.6] 0.878
    ≥32 51.5 85[74.6] 29[25.4]  
  Having a son       
    No 70[29.4] 46[65.7] 24[34.3] 0.029 1.0 1.0
    Yes 168[70.6] 133[78.7] 35[21.3]   2.0**[1.1-3.9] 2.2[0.9-5.9]
  Having a daughter       
    No 89[37.4] 63[70.8] 26[29.2] 0.222
    Yes 149[62.6] 116[77.9] 33[22.1]  
  Pregnancy experience after HIV diagnosis       
    No 124[52.1] 100[80.6] 24[19.4] 0.043 1.0 1.0
    Yes 114[47.9] 79[69.3] 35[30.7]   0.6[0.3-1.1] 1.2[0.4-3.8]
  Awareness of MTCT       
    Correct 215[90.3] 169[78.6] 46[21.4] <0.001 4.7**[1.9-11.6] 2.1[0.5-9.9]
    Incorrect 23[9.7] 10[43.5] 13[56.5]   1.0 1.0
Partner-related variables       
  Living with a partner in same house       
    Yes 211[88.7] 166[78.7] 45[21.3] 0.001 8.1[0.6-113.9]
    No 27[11.3] 13[48.1] 14[51.9]   1.0
  Disclosed HIV status to a partner       
    Yes 207[87.0] 166[80.2] 41[19.8] <0.001 2.0[0.3-13.9]
    No 31[13.0] 13[41.9] 18[58.1]   1.0
  Partner's HIV status       
    Negative 52[21.8] 36[69.2] 16[30.8] 0.032 1.0
    Positive 159[66.8] 132[83.0] 27[17.0]   0.8[0.3-2.4]
Family planning-related variables       
  Obtaining family planning information from health facility       
    No 27[11.3] 15[55.6] 12[44.4] 0.012 1.0 1.0
    Yes 211[88.7] 164[77.7] 47[22.3]   2.6*[1.1-6.2] 2.1[0.6-7.7]
  Being able to ask a partner to use condom at each sexual intercourse      
    Possible 151[63.4] 146[96.7] 5[3.3] <0.001 23.7***[5.8-97.6]
    Impossible 84[35.3] 33[39.3] 51[60.7]   1.0
  Being able to refuse a sexual intercourse with a partner       
    Possible 160[69.9] 143[89.4] 17[10.6] <0.001 2.1[0.7-6.5]
    Impossible 69[30.1] 33[47.8] 36[52.2]    1.0
  Person in last sexual intercourse was a husband       
    Yes 203[86.8] 162[79.8] 41[20.2] 0.001 3.2[0.7-15.1]
    No 31[13.2] 16[51.6] 15[48.4]    1.0
  1. ***p<0.001, **p<0.01, *p<0.05 MTCT: mother to child transmission of HIV.