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Table 3 Linear regression models on life expectancy at birth (male) and measures of rurality, adjusting for socioeconomic deprivation and social isolation, Nova Scotia 2003–2007

From: What type of rural? Assessing the variations in life expectancy at birth at small area-level for a small population province using classes of locally defined settlement types

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4a Model 4b Model 4c Model 4d Model 4e Model 4f Model 4g
Intercept 78.28*** 78.74** 78.74*** 78.16*** 78.16** 78.30*** 78.36*** 78.40*** 78.27*** 78.27***
(77.23, 79.34) (77.29, 80.19) (77.55, 79.93) (77.10, 79.22) (76.95, 79.36) (77.24, 79.36) (77.30, 79.41) (77.33, 79.48) (77.20, 79.33) (77.21, 79.33)
Material deprivation -0.373** -0.273 -0.246 -0.287* -0.356* -0.365** -0.403** -0.387** -0.389** -0.388**
(-0.639, -0.108) (-0.617, 0.071) (-0.553, 0.061) (-0.573, -0.0005) (-0.634, -0.078) (-0.634, -0.095) (-0.671, -0.136) (-0.653, -0.120) (-0.681, -0.097) (-0.665, -0.110)
Social isolation -0.443** -0.499*** -0.513*** -0.521*** -0.427** -0.465** -0.407** -0.441** -0.435** -0.434**
(-0.709, -0.178) (-0.790, -0.207) (-0.790, -0.235) (-0.803, -0.239) (-0.704, -0.151) (-0.751, -0.178) (-0.676, -0.139) (-0.707, -0.175) (-0.709, -0.160) (-0.705, -0.164)
Rurality   -0.123         
(-0.392, 0.145)
Urban vs rural    -0.825        
(-1.831, 0.182)
Community types           
Metro     1.214       
(-0.309, 2.738)
Suburb      0.323      
(-1.143, 1.789)
Big satellite town       0.298     
(-1.180, 1.776)
Mid-size town        -1.038    
(-2.347, 0.271)
Small town         -0.492   
(-1.455, 0.471)   
Village & settlement cluster          0.113  
(-0.738, 0.963)
Sparse settlement           0.208
(-0.906, 1.322)
Adjusted R2 0.108 0.107 0.116 0.116 0.104 0.104 0.115 0.108 0.1103 0.104
F (Pr > F) 11.85 (<0.0001) 8.16 (<0.0001) 8.84 (<0.0001) 8.79 (<0.0001) 7.93 (<0.0001) 7.92 (<0.0001) 8.78 (<0.0001) 8.24 (<0.0001) 7.88 (<0.0001) 7.91 (<0.0001)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.