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Table 2 Linear regression models on life expectancy at birth (female) and measures of rurality, adjusting for socioeconomic deprivation and social isolation, Nova Scotia 2003–2007

From: What type of rural? Assessing the variations in life expectancy at birth at small area-level for a small population province using classes of locally defined settlement types

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4a Model 4b Model 4c Model 4d Model 4e Model 4f Model 4g
Intercept 83.01*** 84.11*** 83.59*** 82.94*** 82.79*** 83.06*** 83.01*** 82.96*** 83.14*** 83.01***
(82.07, 83.94) (82.84, 85.39) (82.54, 84.64) (81.99, 83.89) (81.72, 83.86) (82.13, 83.99) (82.07, 83.96) (82.00, 83.92) (82.21, 84.08) (82.07, 83.95)
Material deprivation -0.257* -0.014 -0.091 -0.210 -0.227 -0.225 -0.260* -0.251* -0.146 -0.248*
(-0.493, -0.021) (-0.315, 0.288) (-0.362, 0.178) (-0.465, -0.045) (-0.473, 0.020) (-0.463, 0.012) (-0.499, -0.021) (-0.489, -0.014) (-0.402, 0.11) (-0.495, -0.002)
Social isolation -0.349** -0.483*** -0.439*** -0.391** -0.321* -0.427** -0.346** -0.350** -0.412*** -0.355**
(-0.585, -0.113) (-0.738, -0.227) (-0.683, -0.194) (-0.642, -0.140) (-0.566, -0.076) (-0.680, -0.175) (-0.586, -0.106) (-0.587, -0.113) (-0.653, -0.171) (-0.585, -0.114)
Rurality   -0.298*         
(-0.533, -0.063)
Urban vs rural    -1.067*        
(-1.953, -0.180)
Community types           
Metro     0.656       
(-0.703, 2.015)
Suburb      0.55      
(-0.749, 1.851)
Big satellite town       1.099     
(-0.204, 2.402)
Mid-size town        -0.095    
(-1.266, 1.076)
Small town         0.189   
(-0.668, 1.046)
Settlement clusters          -0.788*  
(-1.535, -0.042)
Sparse settlements           -0.119
(-1.109, 0.870)
Adjusted R 2 0.076 0.103 0.100 0.075 0.074 0.0851 0.071 0.072 0.093 0.071
F (Pr > F) 8.35 (0.0003) 7.82 (<0.0001) 7.59 (<0.0001) 5.87 (0.0008) 5.79 (0.0008) 6.55 (0.0003) 5.55 (0.0012) 5.61 (0.0011) 7.12 (0.0002) 5.56 (0.0011)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.