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Table 3 Evaluation of the views and experiences of women: participant characteristics

From: Can food vouchers improve nutrition and reduce health inequalities in low-income mothers and young children: a multi-method evaluation of the experiences of beneficiaries and practitioners of the Healthy Start programme in England

Participant characteristic All N (%) N=109 Participatory workshops N=81 Focus groups (non-English speaking women) N=25 Telephone interviews (Travellers) N=3
Gender
  Female 105 (96.3) 77 (95.1) 25 (100) 3 (100)
  Male 4 (3.7) 4 (4.9)   
Age
  ≤20 12 (11.1) 12 (14.8)   
  21-30 56 (51.3) 47 (57.9) 9 (36)  
  31-40 34 (31.2) 19 (23.3) 12 (48) 3 (100)
  >40 4 (3.7) 1 (1.2) 3 (12)  
  missing 3 (2.8) 2 (2.5) 1 (4)  
Ethnic background
  White British 43 (39.4) 43 (53.1)   
  White other 8 (7.3) 3 (3.7) 2 (8) 3 (100)
  Asian 30 (27.5) 15 (18.5) 15 (60)  
  Black 20 (18.3) 13(16) 7 (28)  
  Arab 1 (0.9) 1 (1.2)   
  Mixed 2 (1.8) 2 (2.5)   
  Other 5 (4.6) 4 (4.9) 1 (4)  
No. of children
  0 4 (3.7) 4 (4.9)   
  1 30 (27.5) 27 (33.3) 3 (12)  
  2 24 (22) 22 (27.2) 1 (4) 1 (33.3)
  3 27 (24.8) 21(25.9) 6 (24)  
  4 9 (8.3) 2 (2.5) 6 (24) 1 (33.3)
  ≥5 15 (13.8) 5 (6.1) 9 (36) 1 (33.3)
Age of youngest child in months
  0-11 39 (35.9) 33(40.7) 6 (24)  
  12-23 17(15.5) 13 (15.9) 4 (16)  
  24-35 28 (25.7) 20 (24.7) 6 (24) 2 (66.7)
  36-47 12 (11) 8 (9.8) 3 (12) 1 (33.3)
  ≥48 9 (8.2) 4 (4.9) 5 (20)  
  Missing 4 (3.7) 3 (3.7) 1 (4)  
Highest educational qualification
  None 36 (33) 24 (29.6) 9 (36) 3 (100)
  GCSE D-G 27 (24.8) 20 (24.7) 7 (28)  
  GCSE A-C 19 (17.4) 17 (21) 2 (8)  
  A level 12 (11) 11 (13.6) 1 (4)  
  Degree 6 (5.5) 6 (7.4) 0  
  Missing 9 (8.3) 3 (3.7) 6 (24)  
Employment status
  Maternity leave 6 (5.5) 6 (7.4) 0  
  Student 12 (11) 10 (12.3) 2 (8)  
  Employed full-time 2 (1.8) 2 (2.5) 0  
  Employed part-time 6 (5.5) 3 (3.7) 3 (12)  
  None 73 (67) 53 (65.4) 17 (68) 3 (100)
  Missing 10 (9.2) 7 (8.6) 3 (12)  
Partner’s employment
  Student 2 (3.8) 2 (2.5) 0  
  Employed full-time 11 (1.8) 8 (9.9) 3 (12)  
  Employed part-time 12 (11) 4 (4.9) 8 (32)  
  None 28 (25.7) 18 (22.2) 8 (32) 2 (66.7)
  Missing 56 (51.4) 49 (60.5) 6 (24) 1 (33.3)
First language English
  Yes 62 (56.9) 57 (70.4) 2 (8) 3 (100)
  No 45 (41.3) 23 (28.4) 22(88)  
  Missing 2(1.8) 1 (1.2) 1 (4)  
Pregnant
  Yes 14 (13.3) 11 (13.6) 2 (8) 1(33.3)
  No 91 (83.5) 67 (82.7) 22 (88) 2 (66.7)
  Missing 4 (3.7) 3 (3.7) 1 (4)